OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 43, Iss. 27 — Sep. 20, 2004
  • pp: 5228–5235

Rigorous comparison of parabolically tapered and conventional multimode-interference-based 3-dB power splitters in InGaAsP/InP waveguides

Christos Themistos, Muttukrishnan Rajarajan, B. M. Azizur Rahman, Salah S. A. Obayya, and Kenneth T. V. Grattan  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 43, Issue 27, pp. 5228-5235 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.43.005228


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (539 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Design issues such as optical transmission, interference mechanisms, the splitting ratio, the polarization dependence, and the fabrication tolerances of a compact parabolically tapered multimode-interference (MMI)-based 3-dB power splitter on an InP-based deeply etched ridge waveguide, by use of the finite-element-based beam-propagation method, are presented. The benefits and drawbacks of the use of the tapered structure, in comparison with an untapered MMI-based 3-dB splitter, have also been investigated.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(230.3120) Optical devices : Integrated optics devices

History
Original Manuscript: January 5, 2004
Revised Manuscript: June 14, 2004
Manuscript Accepted: June 17, 2004
Published: September 20, 2004

Citation
Christos Themistos, Muttukrishnan Rajarajan, B. M. Azizur Rahman, Salah S. A. Obayya, and Kenneth T. V. Grattan, "Rigorous comparison of parabolically tapered and conventional multimode-interference-based 3-dB power splitters in InGaAsP/InP waveguides," Appl. Opt. 43, 5228-5235 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-43-27-5228


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. K. Noguchi, O. Mitomi, H. Miyazawa, “Millimeter-wave Ti:LiNbO3 optical modulators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 615–619 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. E. John, N. Agrawal, W. Pieper, H. J. Ehrke, D. Franke, W. Furst, C. M. Weinhert, “Monolithically integrated nonlinear sagnac interferometer and its application as a 20 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 32, 782–784 (1996). [CrossRef]
  3. L. B. Soldano, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, F. H. Groen, “Mach–Zehnder interferometer polarization splitter in InGaAsP/InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402–405 (1994). [CrossRef]
  4. F. Heisman, R. W. Smith, “High speed polarization scrambler with adjustable phase chirp,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 311–318 (1996). [CrossRef]
  5. P. Baets, P. E. Lagasse, “Calculation of radiation loss in integrated optic tapers and y junctions,” Appl. Opt. 21, 1972–1978 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. L. B. Soldano, E. C. M. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615–627 (1995). [CrossRef]
  7. S. Nagai, G. Morishima, H. Inayoshi, K. Utaka, “Multimode interference photonic switches (MIPS),” J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 675–681 (2002). [CrossRef]
  8. N. S. Lagali, M. R. Paiam, R. I. MacDonald, K. Worhoff, A. Driessen, “Analysis of generalized Mach–Zehnder interferometers for variable-ratio power splitting and optimized switching,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2542–2550 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. A. Ferreras, F. Rodriguez, E. Gomez-Salas, J. L. de Miguel, F. Hernandez-Gil, “Useful formulas for multimode interference power splitter/combiner,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1224–1227 (1993). [CrossRef]
  10. D. S. Levy, K. H. Park, R. Scarmozzino, R. M. Osgood, C. Dries, P. Studenkov, S. R. Forrest, “Fabrication of ultracompact 3-dB 2 × 2 MMI power splitters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1009–1011 (1999). [CrossRef]
  11. D. S. Levy, K. H. Park, R. Scarmozzino, Y. M. Li, R. M. Osgood, “A new design for ultracompact multimode interference-based 2 × 2 couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 96–98 (1998). [CrossRef]
  12. S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. A. Rahman, H. A. El-Mikati, “A new full-vectorial numerically efficient propagation algorithm based on the finite element method,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 409–416 (1999). [CrossRef]
  13. P. A. Besse, E. Gini, M. Bachmann, H. Melchior, “New 2 × 2 and 1 × 3 multimode interference couplers with free selection of power splitting ratios,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2286–2292 (1996). [CrossRef]
  14. M. Rajarajan, B. M. A. Rahman, T. Wongcharoen, K. T. V. Grattan, “Accurate analysis of MMI devices with two-dimensional confinement,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2078–2084 (1996). [CrossRef]
  15. C. Themistos, B. M. A. Rahman, “Design issues of a multimode interference-based 3-dB splitter,” Appl. Opt. 41, 7037–7044 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited