A method for designing achromatic hybrid refractive-diffractive elements that can produce beams with long focal depths while they preserve the entire aperture for capture of light and high transverse resolution is presented. Its working principle is based on the combination of a diffractive optical element that generates a long range of pseudonondiffractive rays and a refractive lens of opposite dispersion to form an achromatic hybrid lens. A hybrid lens with a fast <i>f</i>-number (<i>f</i>/1) that works in the entire visible wave band (400–700 nm) was designed and fabricated. Simulation results demonstrate a factor-of-10 improvement in depth of focus compared with that of a conventional <i>f</i>/1 lens, with matching 1-µm lateral resolution. Experimental results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method through demonstration of an achromatic hybrid lens with better than a factor-of-7 improvement in depth of focus and 1-µm transverse resolution.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
Angel Flores, Michael R. Wang, and Jame J. Yang, "Achromatic Hybrid Refractive-Diffractive Lens with Extended Depth of Focus," Appl. Opt. 43, 5618-5630 (2004)