OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 43, Iss. 31 — Nov. 1, 2004
  • pp: 5870–5885

Passive Standoff Detection of Chemical Warfare Agents on Surfaces

Jean-Marc Thériault, Eldon Puckrin, Jim Hancock, Pierre Lecavalier, Carmela Jackson Lepage, and James O. Jensen  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 43, Issue 31, pp. 5870-5885 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.43.005870


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (3264 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Results are presented on the passive standoff detection and identification of chemical warfare (CW) liquid agents on surfaces by the Fourier-transform IR radiometry. This study was performed during surface contamination trials at Defence Research and Development Canada-Suffield in September 2002. The goal was to verify that passive long-wave IR spectrometric sensors can potentially remotely detect surfaces contaminated with CW agents. The passive sensor, the Compact Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer, was used in the trial to obtain laboratory and field measurements of CW liquid agents, HD and VX. The agents were applied to high-reflectivity surfaces of aluminum, low-reflectivity surfaces of Mylar, and several other materials including an armored personnel carrier. The field measurements were obtained at a standoff distance of 60 m from the target surfaces. Results indicate that liquid contaminant agents deposited on high-reflectivity surfaces can be detected, identified, and possibly quantified with passive sensors. For low-reflectivity surfaces the presence of the contaminants can usually be detected; however, their identification based on simple correlations with the absorption spectrum of the pure contaminant is not possible.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.0280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Remote sensing and sensors
(120.5630) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Radiometry
(120.6200) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Spectrometers and spectroscopic instrumentation
(280.0280) Remote sensing and sensors : Remote sensing and sensors
(300.0300) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy
(300.6340) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, infrared

Citation
Jean-Marc Thériault, Eldon Puckrin, Jim Hancock, Pierre Lecavalier, Carmela Jackson Lepage, and James O. Jensen, "Passive Standoff Detection of Chemical Warfare Agents on Surfaces," Appl. Opt. 43, 5870-5885 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-43-31-5870


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. M. D. Ray, A. J. Sedlacek III, and M. Wu, “Ultraviolet mini-Raman lidar for standoff, in situ identification of chemical surface contaminants,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3485–3489 (2000).
  2. P. L. Ponsardin, N. S. Higdon, T. H. Chyba, W. T. Armstrong, A. J. Sedlacek III, S. D. Christesen, and A. Wong, “Expanding applications for surface-contaminants sensing using the laser interrogation of surface agents (LISA) technique, chemical, and biological standoff detection,” in Chemical and Biological Standoff Detection, J. O. Jensen and J-M. Theriault, eds., Proc. SPIE 5268, 321–327 (2004).
  3. S. H. Carlisle, L. W. Carr, V. E. Hatfield, P. L. Holland, D. L. McPherrin, and R. E. Warren, “Advanced algorithm development for standoff NBC contamination,” CRDEC-CR-107 (U.S. Army Chemical Research, Development, and Engineering Center, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md., June 1991).
  4. J. Leonelli, R. Warren, D. Walter, T. Podoll, D. J. Eckstrom, P. L. Holland, J. M. Moser, S. Boyd, J. E. Jones, J. E. van der Laan, and J. W. Rice, “XD of remote detection of NBC contamination using IR,” ERDEC-CR-108 (Edgewood Research Development, and Engineering Center, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md., March 1994).
  5. A. Bell, C. Dyer, and A. C. Jones, “Standoff liquid CW detection, chemical and biological standoff detection,” in Chemical and Biological Standoff Detection, J. O. Jensen and J.-M. Theriault, eds., Proc. SPIE 5268, 302–309 (2004).
  6. J.-M. Theriault, J. O. Jensen, A. Samuels, A. Ben-David, C. Gittins, and W. Marinelli, “Detection of nonvolatile liquids on surfaces using passive infrared spectroradiometers,” in Proceedings of the Fifth Workshop on Standoff Detection for Chemical and Biological Defense, Williamsburg, Va., 24–28 September 2001 (n.p., 2001), Vol. 5, pp. 1–10.
  7. J.-M. Thériault, J. O. Jensen, A. Samuels, A. Ben-David, C. Gittins, and W. Marinelli, “Passive standoff detection of surface contaminants: modeling the spectral radiance,” in Instrumentation for Air Pollution and Global Atmospheric Monitoring, J. O. Jensen and R. L. Spellicy, eds., Proc. SPIE 4574, 1–10 (2001).
  8. J.-M. Thériault, J. Hancock, J. O. Jensen, E. Puckrin, and F. D’Amico, “Passive standoff detection of liquid surface contaminants: recent results with CATSI,” in Chemical and Biological Standoff Detection, J. O. Jensen and J.-M. Theriault, eds., Proc. SPIE 5268, 1–10 (2003).
  9. F. A. Jenkins and W. E. White, Fundamentals of Optics, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1957), p. 263.
  10. J.-M. Thériault, “Modeling the responsivity and self-emission of a double-beam Fourier-transform infrared interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 38, 505–515 (1999).
  11. J.-M. Thériault, E. Puckrin, F. Bouffard, and B. Déry, “Passive remote monitoring of chemical vapors by differential FTIR radiometry: results at a range of 1.5 km,” Appl. Opt. 43, 1425–1434 (2004).
  12. J.-M. Thériault, E. Puckrin, and J. O. Jensen, “Passive standoff detection of BG aerosol by FTIR radiometry,” Appl. Opt. 41, 6696–6705 (2003).
  13. D. F. Flanigan, “The spectral signatures of chemical agent vapors and aerosols,” CRDC-TR-85002 (U.S. Army Chemical Research, Development, and Engineering Center, U.S. Army Armament, Munitions and Chemical Command, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md., 21005–5066, April 1985) (and personal communication, 1985).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited