OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 43, Iss. 31 — Nov. 1, 2004
  • pp: 5901–5910

Rayleigh-calibrated fluorescence quantum yield measurements of acetone and 3-pentanone

Jon D. Koch, Ronald K. Hanson, Wieland Koban, and Christof Schulz  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 43, Issue 31, pp. 5901-5910 (2004)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (172 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We measured fluorescence quantum yields of acetone and 3-pentanone as a pure gas and with nitrogen diluent at room temperature at 20, 507, and 1013 mbar using 248, 266, and 308 nm excitation by calibrating the optical collection system with Rayleigh scattering from nitrogen. At 20 mbar with 308-nm excitation, the fluorescence quantum yields for acetone and 3-pentanone are 7 ± 1 × 10-4 and 1.1 ± 0.2 × 10-3, respectively, and each decreases with decreasing excitation wavelength. These directly measured values are significantly lower than earlier ones that were based on a chain of relative measurements. The observed pressure and excitation wavelength dependence is in qualitative agreement with a previously developed fluorescence quantum yield model, but the absolute numbers disagree. Changing acetone’s fluorescence rate constant to 3 × 105 s-1 from its previous value of 8 × 105 s-1 resulted in good agreement between our measurements and the model.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.5820) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Scattering measurements
(140.3610) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, ultraviolet
(300.2530) Spectroscopy : Fluorescence, laser-induced

Original Manuscript: October 20, 2003
Revised Manuscript: April 30, 2004
Manuscript Accepted: May 21, 2004
Published: November 1, 2004

Jon D. Koch, Ronald K. Hanson, Wieland Koban, and Christof Schulz, "Rayleigh-calibrated fluorescence quantum yield measurements of acetone and 3-pentanone," Appl. Opt. 43, 5901-5910 (2004)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. Lozano, B. Yip, R. Hanson, “Acetone—a tracer for concentration measurements in gaseous flows by planar laser-induced fluorescence,” Exp. Fluids 13, 369–376 (1992). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Thurber, F. Grisch, R. Hanson, “Temperature imaging with single- and dual-wavelength acetone planar laser-induced fluorescence,” Opt. Lett. 22, 251–253 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Smith, M. Mungal, “Mixing, structure and scaling of the jet in crossflow,” J. Fluid Mech. 357, 83–122 (1998). [CrossRef]
  4. S. Einecke, C. Schulz, V. Sick, “Measurement of temperature, fuel concentration and equivalence ratio fields using tracer LIF in IC engine combustion,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 717–723 (2000). [CrossRef]
  5. M. C. Thurber, R. K. Hanson, “Simultaneous imaging of temperature and mole fraction using acetone planar laser-induced fluorescence,” Exp. Fluids 30, 93–101 (2001). [CrossRef]
  6. N. P. Tait, D. A. Greenhalgh, “2D laser induced fluorescence imaging of parent fuel fraction in nonpremixed combustion,” Proc. Combust. Inst., 24, 1621–1628 (1992).
  7. B. Yip, M. Miller, A. Lozano, R. Hanson, “A combined OH/acetone planar laser-induced fluorescence imaging technique for visualizing combusting flows,” Exp. Fluids 17, 330–336 (1994). [CrossRef]
  8. H. Neij, B. Johansson, M. Alden, “Development and demonstration of 2D-LIF for studies of mixture preparation in SI engines,” Comb. Flame 99, 449–457 (1994). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Thurber, F. Grisch, B. Kirby, M. Votsmeier, R. Hanson, “Measurements and modeling of acetone laser-induced fluorescence with implications for temperature-imaging diagnostics,” Appl. Opt. 37, 4963–4978 (1998). [CrossRef]
  10. J. Koch, R. Hanson, “A photophysics model for 3-pentanone PLIF: Temperature, pressure, and excitation wavelength dependences,” paper AIAA 2003-0403, presented at the 41st Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada, 6–9 January 2003 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, New York, 2003).
  11. F. Großmann, P. B. Monkhouse, M. Ridder, V. Sick, J. Wolfrum, “Temperature and pressure dependences of the laser-induced fluorescence of gas-phase acetone and 3-pentanone,” Appl. Phys. B 62, 249–253 (1996). [CrossRef]
  12. L. Yuen, J. Peters, R. Lucht, “Pressure dependence of laser-induced fluorescence from acetone,” Appl. Opt. 36, 3271–3277 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. C. Thurber, R. K. Hanson, “Pressure and composition dependences of acetone laser-induced fluorescence with excitation at 248, 266, and 308 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 229–240 (1999). [CrossRef]
  14. D. Hansen, E. Lee, “Radiative and nonradiative-transitions in first excited singlet-state of symmetrical methyl-substituted acetones,” J. Chem. Phys. 62, 183–189 (1975). [CrossRef]
  15. J. Heicklen, “The fluorescence and phosphorescence of biacetyl vapor and acetone vapor,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 81, 3863–3866 (1959). [CrossRef]
  16. A. Halpern, W. Ware, “Excited singlet state radiative and nonradiative transition probabilities for acetone, acetone-D6, and hexafluoroacetone in gas phase, in solution, and in neat liquid,” J. Chem. Phys. 54, 1271–1276 (1971). [CrossRef]
  17. A. Gandini, K. Kutschke, “Primary process in photolysis of hexafluoroacetone vapour. 2. Fluorescence and phosphorescence,” Proc. Roy. Soc. A 306, 511–528 (1968). [CrossRef]
  18. J. Eastman, “Quantitative spectrofluorimetry-fluorescence quantum yield of quinine sulfate,” Photochem. Photobio. 6, 55–72 (1967). [CrossRef]
  19. G. Almy, P. Gillette, “The quantum yield of diacetyl fluorescence,” J. Chem. Phys. 11, 188–195 (1943). [CrossRef]
  20. P. A. Bonczyk, J. A. Shirley, “Measurement of CH and CN concentration in flames by laser-induced saturated fluorescence,” Comb. Flame 34, 253–264 (1979). [CrossRef]
  21. J. Luque, D. R. Crosley, “Absolute CH concentrations in low-pressure flames measured with laser-induced fluorescence,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 91–98 (1996). [CrossRef]
  22. W. Juchmann, H. Latzel, D. I. Shin, G. Peiter, T. Dreier, H. R. Volpp, J. Wolfrum, R. P. Lindstedt, K. M. Leung, “Absolute radical concentration measurements and modeling of low-pressure CH4/O2/NO flames,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 27, 469–476 (1998).
  23. J. Luque, R. J. H. Klein Douwel, J. B. Jeffries, P. Smith, D. R. Crosley, “Quantitative laser-induced fluorescence of CH in atmospheric pressure flames,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 779–790 (2002).
  24. R. Miles, W. Lempert, J. Forkey, “Laser Rayleigh scattering,” Meas. Sci. Tech. 12, R33–R51 (2001). [CrossRef]
  25. H. Naus, W. Ubachs, “Experimental verification of Rayleigh scattering cross sections,” Opt. Lett. 25, 347–349 (2000). [CrossRef]
  26. U. Griesmann, J. Burnett, “Refractivity of nitrogen gas in the vacuum ultraviolet,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1699–1701 (1999). [CrossRef]
  27. J. D. Koch, R. K. Hanson, “Temperature and excitation wavelength dependencies of 3-pentanone absorption and fluorescence for PLIF applications,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 319–324 (2003). [CrossRef]
  28. W. Reckers, Y. Gu, E. Rothe, H. Voges, “Rayleigh scattering of excimer laser light from some simple molecules at 193 nm and 248 nm: the effect of polarization upon imaging diagnostics,” Appl. Spectrosc. 51, 1012–1016 (1997). [CrossRef]
  29. G. D. Greenblatt, S. Ruhman, Y. Haas, “Fluorescence decay kinetics of acetone vapour at low pressures,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 112, 200–206 (1984). [CrossRef]
  30. R. A. Copeland, D. R. Crosley, “Radiative, collisional and dissociative processes in triplet acetone,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 115, 362–368 (1985). [CrossRef]
  31. F. Ossler, M. Alden, “Measurements of picosecond laser-induced fluorescence from gas-phase 3-pentanone and acetone: implications to combustion diagnostics,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 493–502 (1997). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited