OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 43, Iss. 33 — Nov. 20, 2004
  • pp: 6166–6173

Fabrication and comprehensive modeling of ion-exchanged Bragg optical add-drop multiplexers

Jose M. Castro, David F. Geraghty, Brian R. West, and Seppo Honkanen  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 43, Issue 33, pp. 6166-6173 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.43.006166


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (318 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Optical add-drop multiplexers (OADMs) based on asymmetric Y branches and tilted gratings offer excellent-performance in wavelength-division multiplexed systems. To simplify waveguide fabrication, ion-exchange techniques appear to be an important option in photosensitive glasses. Optimum OADM performance depends on how accurately the waveguide fabrication process and tilted Bragg grating operation are understood and modeled. Results from fabrication and comprehensive modeling are compared for ion-exchange processes that use different angles of the tilted grating. The transmission and reflection spectra for the fabricated and simulated OADMs show excellent agreement. The OADM’s performance is evaluated in terms of the measured characteristics of the Y branches and tilted gratings.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.1750) Integrated optics : Components
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(230.1480) Optical devices : Bragg reflectors

History
Original Manuscript: April 30, 2004
Revised Manuscript: August 23, 2004
Published: November 20, 2004

Citation
Jose M. Castro, David F. Geraghty, Brian R. West, and Seppo Honkanen, "Fabrication and comprehensive modeling of ion-exchanged Bragg optical add-drop multiplexers," Appl. Opt. 43, 6166-6173 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-43-33-6166


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. S. Kewitsch, G. A. Rakuljic, P. A. Willems, A. Yariv, “All-fiber zero-insertion-loss add-drop filter for wavelength-division multiplexing,” Opt. Lett. 23, 106–108 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. C. K. Madsen, T. A. Strasser, M. A. Milbrodt, C. H. Henry, A. C. Bruce, J. Demarco, “Planar waveguide add/drop filter employing a mode converting grating in an adiabatic coupler,” in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 4 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 102–104.
  3. D. F. Geraghty, D. Provenzano, M. M. Morrell, S. Honkanen, A. Yariv, N. Peyghambarian, “Ion-exchanged waveguide add/drop filter,” Electron. Lett. 37, 829–831 (2001). [CrossRef]
  4. C. Riziotis, M. N. Zervas, “Design considerations in optical add/drop multiplexers based on grating-assisted null couplers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 92–104 (2001). [CrossRef]
  5. C. Riziotis, M. N. Zervas, “Novel full-cycle-coupler-based optical add-drop multiplexer and performance characteristics at 40-Gb/s WDM networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1828–1837 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. T. Erdogan, “Optical add-drop multiplexer based on an asymmetric Bragg coupler,” Opt. Commun. 157, 249–264 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. P. Madasamy, B. R. West, M. M. Morrell, D. F. Geraghty, S. Honkanen, N. Peyghambarian, “Buried ion-exchanged glass waveguides: burial-depth dependence on the waveguide width,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1132–1134 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Tervonen, “Theoretical analysis of ion-exchanged glass waveguides,” in Introduction to Glass Integrated Optics, S. I. Najafi, ed. (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 1992), pp. 73–83.
  9. R. V. Ramaswamy, R. Srivastava, “Ion-exchanged glass waveguides: a review,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984–1000 (1988). [CrossRef]
  10. C. M. Kim, R. V. Ramaswamy, “Modeling of graded-index channel waveguides using nonuniform finite difference method,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1581–1589 (1989). [CrossRef]
  11. R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1999).
  12. K. S. Lee, T. Erdogan, “Fiber mode coupling in transmissive and reflective fiber gratings,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1394–1404 (2000). [CrossRef]
  13. T. Erdogan, J. E. Sipe, “Tilted fiber phase gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 296–313 (1996). [CrossRef]
  14. D. F. Geraghty, D. Provenzano, M. M. Morrell, J. Ingenhoff, B. Drapp, S. Honkanen, A. Yariv, N. Peyghambarian, “Polarisation-independent Bragg gratings in ion-exchanged glass channel waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 36, 531–532 (2000). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited