The characteristics of annular amplitude and phase filters are compared. The behavior of two-zone phase and amplitude filters as the inner zone is increased is studied in detail. Numerical simulations show that a phase filter can achieve a superresolution effect, a circular Dammann effect, and flat-topped intensity for different applications, whereas a two-zone amplitude filter can generate only a superresolution effect. The experimental results show that both amplitude and phase filters can achieve superresolution. Generally, a phase superresolution filter is recommended for its higher efficiency and its special diffraction patterns that are impossible to achieve with an amplitude filter.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: April 6, 2004
Revised Manuscript: September 12, 2004
Published: December 1, 2004
Hongxin Luo and Changhe Zhou, "Comparison of superresolution effects with annular phase and amplitude filters," Appl. Opt. 43, 6242-6247 (2004)