The analysis of spectroscopic optical coherence tomography (SOCT) signals suffers the trade-off between time resolution and frequency resolution. Various joint time–frequency distributions (TFDs) can optimize this trade-off. Synthesized signals were generated and experimentally acquired data were obtained to compare and validate several different TFDs under different SOCT imaging schemes. Specific criteria were designed to quantify the TFD performance. We found that different SOCT imaging schemes require different optimal TFDs. Cohen’s class TFDs generate the most compact time–frequency (TF) analysis, while linear TFDs offer the most reliable TF analysis. In both cases, if some prior information is known, model-based TF analysis can improve the performance.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: July 12, 2004
Revised Manuscript: October 4, 2004
Manuscript Accepted: October 20, 2004
Published: April 1, 2005
Chenyang Xu, Farzad Kamalabadi, and Stephen A. Boppart, "Comparative performance analysis of time–frequency distributions for spectroscopic optical coherence tomography," Appl. Opt. 44, 1813-1822 (2005)