Time-resolved detection and analysis of skin backscattered optical signals (remission photoplethysmography or PPG) provide rich information on skin blood volume pulsations and can serve for reliable cardiovascular assessment. Single- and multiple-channel PPG concepts are discussed. Simultaneous data flow from several locations on the human body allows us to study heartbeat pulse-wave propagation in real time and to evaluate vascular resistance. Portable single-, dual-, and four-channel PPG monitoring devices with special software have been designed for real-time data acquisition and processing. The prototype devices have been clinically studied, and their potential for monitoring heart arrhythmias, drug-efficiency tests, steady-state cardiovascular assessment, body fitness control, and express diagnostics of the arterial occlusions has been confirmed.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: August 19, 2004
Revised Manuscript: November 2, 2004
Manuscript Accepted: November 5, 2004
Published: April 1, 2005
Janis Spigulis, "Optical noninvasive monitoring of skin blood pulsations," Appl. Opt. 44, 1850-1857 (2005)