OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 44, Iss. 13 — May. 1, 2005
  • pp: 2659–2666

Tight packaging of erbium-doped waveguide amplifiers

Irene Mozjerin, Shlomo Ruschin, and Amos Hardy  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 44, Issue 13, pp. 2659-2666 (2005)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (613 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A numerical model for erbium-doped waveguide amplifiers (EDWAs) containing bent waveguides was developed. The model uses rate-propagation equations and takes into account bend-induced losses in the waveguide with a varying radius of curvature. It is applied to the design of tightly packed erbium-doped waveguide amplifiers under two constraints: minimization of the area required to obtain a predetermined gain and maximization of the gain available from a given area. Numerical calculations based on realistic waveguide parameters demonstrate the possibility of fabricating high-gain, small-size EDWAs. Simple design rules, based on geometric formulas and consideration of bend losses, are given and compared with the results of numerical calculations.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(140.4480) Lasers and laser optics : Optical amplifiers

Original Manuscript: August 9, 2004
Revised Manuscript: November 18, 2004
Manuscript Accepted: November 22, 2004
Published: May 1, 2005

Irene Mozjerin, Shlomo Ruschin, and Amos Hardy, "Tight packaging of erbium-doped waveguide amplifiers," Appl. Opt. 44, 2659-2666 (2005)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J.-M. P. Delavaux, Y. K. Park, E. Murphy, S. Granlund, O. Mizuhara, D. Barbier, M. Rattay, G. Clauss, A. Kevorkian, J. A. Nagel, “High performance Er/Yb planar waveguide amplifiers as in-line and pre-amplifiers in 10 Gb/s fiber system experiments,” in Proceedings of the 22nd European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC'96 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1996), Vol. 5, pp. 23–26.
  2. J. Shmulovich, “Er-doped glass waveguide amplifiers on silicon,” in Rare-Earth-Doped Devices, S. Honkanen, ed., Proc. SPIE2996, 143–153 (1997). [CrossRef]
  3. F. Di Pasquale, M. Federighi, “Modeling of uniform and pair-induced upconversion mechanisms in high-concentration erbium-doped silica waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1858–1864 (1995). [CrossRef]
  4. S. F. Wong, E. Y. B. Pun, P. S. Chung, “Er3+-Yb3+ codoped phosphate glass waveguide amplifier using Ag+-Li+ ion exchange,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 80–82 (2002). [CrossRef]
  5. D. Barbier, P. Bruno, C. Cassagnettes, M. Trouillon, R. L. Hyde, A. Kevorkian, J.-M. P. Delavaux, “Net gain of 27 dB with a 8.6 cm-long Er/Yb-doped glass-planar-amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 45–46.
  6. G. Nykolak, M. Haner, P. C. Becker, J. Shmulovich, Y. H. Wong, “Systems evaluation of an Er3+-doped planar waveguide amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 1185–1187 (1993). [CrossRef]
  7. J. Shmulovich, A. J. Bruce, G. Lenz, P. B. Hansen, T. N. Nielsen, D. J. Muehlner, G. A. Bogert, I. Brener, E. J. Laskowski, A. Paunescu, I. Ryazansky, D. C. Jacobson, A. E. White, “Integrated planar waveguide amplifier with 15 dB net gain at 1550 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference 1999, and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PD42/1-3. [CrossRef]
  8. T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, K. Shuto, M. Oguma, J. Temmyo, S. Suzuki, M. Horiguchi, “Erbium-doped silica-based planar amplifier module pumped by laser diodes,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC'93 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1993), Vol. 3, pp. 41–44.
  9. K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, M. Oguma, Y. Ohmori, M. Horiguchi, “Erbium-doped silica-based planar-waveguide amplifier integrated with a 980/1550 nm WDM coupler,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 280–281.
  10. K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, M. Oguma, Y. Ohmori, M. Horiguchi, “Erbium-doped silica-based waveguide amplifier integrated with a 980/1550 nm WDM coupler,” Electron. Lett. 30, 856–857 (1994). [CrossRef]
  11. T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, K. Shuto, M. Yasu, M. Kobayashi, M. Horiguchi, “Amplification in erbium-doped silica-based planar lightwave circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1818–1819 (1992). [CrossRef]
  12. G. N. van den Hoven, R. J. I. Koper, A. Polman, “Net optical gain at 1.53 µm in Er-doped Al2O3 waveguides on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1886–1888 (1996). [CrossRef]
  13. W. Huang, R. R. A. Syms, “Analysis of folded erbium-doped planar waveguide amplifiers by the method of lines,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2658–2664 (1999). [CrossRef]
  14. D. Lowe, R. Syms, W. Huang, “Layout optimization for erbium-doped waveguide amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 454–462 (2002). [CrossRef]
  15. O. Lumholt, A. Bjarklev, T. Rasmussen, “Modeling of extremely high concentration erbium-doped silica waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 29, 495–496 (1993). [CrossRef]
  16. O. Lumholt, A. Bjarklev, T. Rasmussen, C. Lester, “Rare-earth doped integrated glass components: modeling and optimization,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 275–282 (1995). [CrossRef]
  17. K. Shuto, K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, M. Horiguchi, “Erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass waveguide amplifier fabricated by PECVD,” Electron. Lett. 29, 139–141 (1993). [CrossRef]
  18. M. V. D. Vermelho, U. Peschel, S. Aitchison, “Simple and accurate procedure for modeling erbium-doped waveguide amplifiers with high concentration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 401–408 (2000). [CrossRef]
  19. P. Palai, K. Thyagarajan, A. K. Roy, B. P. Pal, “Role of bends on the optimization of 980-nm-pumped erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 1, 341–345 (1995). [CrossRef]
  20. K. S. Chiang, “Performance of the effective-index method for the analysis of dielectric waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 16, 714–716 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. A. Bjarklev, Optical Fiber Amplifiers: Design and System Application (Artech House, Boston, Mass., 1993), pp. 97–98.
  22. L. F. Shampine, Numerical Solutions of Ordinary Differential Equations (Chapman & Hall, New York, 1994), pp. 19–22.
  23. J. R. Bonar, M. V. D. Vermelho, P. V. S. Marques, A. J. McLaughlin, J. S. Aitchison, “Fluorescence lifetime measurements of aerosol doped erbium in phosphosilicate planar waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 149, 27–32 (1998). [CrossRef]
  24. K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, M. Oguma, H. Hisaaki, Y. Ohmori, “Optical amplification in Er3+-doped P2O5-SiO2 planar waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 5301–5308 (1996). [CrossRef]
  25. E. A. J. Marcatili, “Bends in optical dielectric guides,” Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2103–2132 (1969). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited