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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 44, Iss. 15 — May. 20, 2005
  • pp: 2984–2988

Two-dimensional imaging without scanning by multifocal multiphoton microscopy

Matthias Fricke and Tim Nielsen  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 44, Issue 15, pp. 2984-2988 (2005)

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We describe multifocal multiphoton microscopy giving images without laser scanning. A multitude of 8 × 8 laser beams is focused into a sample yielding two-photon excitation in a plane. The focal spots are arranged in a rectangular array with close spacing between individual points (≈0.5 µm). The fluorescence emission from the sample is recorded with a CCD camera, but, owing to the close distance between the beams, they can no longer be regarded as individual points but rather as an illumination of the plane that is covered by the array of focal points. The axial sectioning capability is comparable with an ordinary single-beam two-photon microscope. Interference between the beams that could compromise the axial sectioning capability does not occur in our setup owing to small temporal delays between the individual beams. The axial sectioning capability of the setup is discussed in detail by means of the step response in which the foci are scanned axially into a uniformly fluorescent medium.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(180.2520) Microscopy : Fluorescence microscopy
(180.6900) Microscopy : Three-dimensional microscopy
(190.4180) Nonlinear optics : Multiphoton processes

Original Manuscript: May 18, 2004
Revised Manuscript: November 3, 2004
Manuscript Accepted: November 4, 2004
Published: May 20, 2005

Matthias Fricke and Tim Nielsen, "Two-dimensional imaging without scanning by multifocal multiphoton microscopy," Appl. Opt. 44, 2984-2988 (2005)

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