Spatial fixed-pattern noise is a common and major problem in modern infrared imagers owing to the nonuniform response of the photodiodes in the focal plane array of the imaging system. In addition, the nonuniform response of the readout and digitization electronics, which are involved in multiplexing the signals from the photodiodes, causes further nonuniformity. We describe a novel scene based on a nonuniformity correction algorithm that treats the aggregate nonuniformity in separate stages. First, the nonuniformity from the readout amplifiers is corrected by use of knowledge of the readout architecture of the imaging system. Second, the nonuniformity resulting from the individual detectors is corrected with a nonlinear filter-based method. We demonstrate the performance of the proposed algorithm by applying it to simulated imagery and real infrared data. Quantitative results in terms of the mean absolute error and the signal-to-noise ratio are also presented to demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed algorithm. One advantage of the proposed algorithm is that it requires only a few frames to obtain high-quality corrections.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
(100.2000) Image processing : Digital image processing
(100.2550) Image processing : Focal-plane-array image processors
(100.3020) Image processing : Image reconstruction-restoration
(110.3080) Imaging systems : Infrared imaging
(110.4280) Imaging systems : Noise in imaging systems
Balaji Narayanan, Russell C. Hardie, and Robert A. Muse, "Scene-based nonuniformity correction technique that exploits knowledge of the focal-plane array readout architecture," Appl. Opt. 44, 3482-3491 (2005)