OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 44, Iss. 17 — Jun. 10, 2005
  • pp: 3565–3575

Flame temperature and location measurements of sooting premixed Bunsen flames by rainbow schlieren deflectometry

Alfonso F. Ibarreta and Chih-Jen Sung  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 44, Issue 17, pp. 3565-3575 (2005)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (728 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Rainbow schlieren deflectometry (RSD) provides a simple and nonintrusive way of determining the temperature field of axisymmetric flames. This technique is specially suited for the detection of large temperature gradients, such as those near the flame location. We explore the feasibility and accuracy of using RSD to obtain the flame location and thermal structure of premixed Bunsen flames for varying fuel types, equivalence ratios, and soot loadings. Uncertainty analysis is also carried out to provide various ways to reduce RSD experimental error. The RSD technique is demonstrated to give useful data even for moderately and heavily sooting flames.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1290) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric optics
(120.4820) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical systems
(120.5710) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Refraction
(120.6780) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Temperature
(280.1740) Remote sensing and sensors : Combustion diagnostics
(280.2470) Remote sensing and sensors : Flames

Original Manuscript: February 16, 2004
Revised Manuscript: July 21, 2004
Manuscript Accepted: February 14, 2005
Published: June 10, 2005

Alfonso F. Ibarreta and Chih-Jen Sung, "Flame temperature and location measurements of sooting premixed Bunsen flames by rainbow schlieren deflectometry," Appl. Opt. 44, 3565-3575 (2005)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. C. J. Sun, C. J. Sung, L. He, C. K. Law, “Dynamics of weakly stretched flames: quantitative description and extraction of global flame parameters,” Combust. Flame 118, 108–128 (1999). [CrossRef]
  2. A. F. Ibarreta, C. J. Sung, T. Hirasawa, H. Wang, “Burning velocity measurements of microgravity spherical sooting premixed flames using rainbow schlieren deflectometry,” Combust. Flame 140, 93–102 (2005). [CrossRef]
  3. W. L. Howes, “Rainbow schlieren and its applications,”Appl. Opt. 23, 2449–2459 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. S. Greenberg, R. B. Klimek, D. R. Buchele, “Quantitative rainbow schlieren deflectometry,” Appl. Opt. 34, 3810–3822 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. F. J. Weinberg, Optics of Flames (Butterworth, Washington, 1963), pp. 23–39.
  6. A. K. Agrawal, B. W. Albers, D. W. Griffin, “Abel inversion of deflectometric measurements in dynamic flows,” Appl. Opt. 38, 3394–3398 (1999). [CrossRef]
  7. X. Xiao, I. K. Puri, “Systematic approach based on holographic interferometry measurements to characterize the flame structure of partially premixed flames,” Appl. Opt. 40, 731–740 (2001). [CrossRef]
  8. X. Qin, X. Xiao, I. K. Puri, S. K. Aggarwal, “Effect of varying composition on temperature reconstructions obtained from refractive index measurements in flames,” Combust. Flame 128, 121–132 (2002). [CrossRef]
  9. X. Xiao, C. W. Choi, I. K. Puri, “Temperature measurements in steady two-dimensional partially premixed flames using laser interferometric holography,” Combust. Flame 120, 318–332 (2000). [CrossRef]
  10. K. N. Al-ammar, A. K. Agrawal, S. R. Gollahalli, “Quantitative measurements of laminar hydrogen gas-jet diffusion flames in a 2.2s drop tower,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 28, 1997–2004 (2000). [CrossRef]
  11. X. Xiao, I. K. Puri, A. K. Agrawal, “Temperature measurements in steady axisymmetric partially premixed flames by use of rainbow schlieren deflectometry,” Appl. Opt. 41, 1922–1928 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. Rubinstein, P. S. Greenberg, “Rapid inversion of angular deflection data for certain axisymmetric refractive index distributions,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1141–1144 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. W. Merzkirch, Flow Visualization, 2nd ed. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1987).
  14. A. K. Agrawal, N. K. Butuk, S. R. Gollahalli, D. W. Griffin, “Three-dimensional rainbow schlieren tomography of a temperature field in gas flows,” Appl. Opt. 37, 479–485 (1998). [CrossRef]
  15. A. E. Lutz, R. J. Kee, J. F. Grcar, F. M. Rupley, “oppdif: A Fortran program for computing opposed flow diffusion flames,” (Sandia National Laboratories, Liver-more, Calif., 1997).
  16. H. Wang, A. Laskin, “A comprehensive kinetic model of ethylene and acetylene oxidation at high temperatures,” (2000), http://ignis.usc.edu/c2_download.html .
  17. W. C. Gardiner, Y. Hidaka, T. Tanzawa, “Refractivity of combustion gases,” Combust. Flame 40, 213–219 (1981). [CrossRef]
  18. C. J. Dash, “One-dimensional tomography: a comparison of Abel, onion-peeling, and filtered backprojection methods,” Appl. Opt. 31, 1146–1152 (1992). [CrossRef]
  19. C. R. Shaddix, “Correcting thermocouple measurements for radiation loss: a critical review,” in Proceedings of 33rd National Heat Transfer Conference (n.p., 1999), paper HTD99-282.
  20. R. J. Kee, J. F. Grcar, M. D. Smooke, J. A. Miller, “A Fortran programming tool for modeling steady laminar one-dimensional premixed flames” (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, Calif., 1993).
  21. C. T. Bowman, R. K. Hanson, D. F. Davidson, W. C. Gardiner, V. Lissianski, G. P. Smith, D. M. Golden, M. Frenklach, M. Goldenberg, http://www.me.berkeley.edu/gri_mech/ .
  22. G. Dixon-Lewis, S. M. Islam, “Flame modeling and burning velocity measurement,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 19, 283–291 (1982). [CrossRef]
  23. T. Echekki, “A quasi-one-dimensional premixed flame model with cross-stream diffusion,” Combust. Flame 110, 335–350 (1997). [CrossRef]
  24. Y. Ikeda, J. Kojima, H. Hashimoto, “Local chemiluminescence spectra measurements in high-pressure laminar methane/air premixed flame,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 29, 1495–1501 (2002). [CrossRef]
  25. L. G. Blevins, M. W. Renfro, K. H. Lyle, N. M. Laurendeau, J. P. Gore, “Experimental study of temperature and CH radical location in partially premixed CH4/air coflow flames,” Combust. Flame 118, 684–696 (1999). [CrossRef]
  26. K. T. Walsh, J. Fielding, M. B. Long, “Effect of light collection geometry on reconstruction errors in Abel inversions,” Opt. Lett. 25, 457–459 (1999). [CrossRef]
  27. G. Basile, A. Orlando, A. D’Alessio, A. D’Anna, P. Minutolo, “Coagulation and carbonization processes in slightly sooting premixed flames,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 29, 2391–2397 (2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited