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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 44, Iss. 22 — Aug. 1, 2005
  • pp: 4625–4630

Two-dimensional surface profile imaging technique based on a double-grating frequency shifter

Kaiwei Wang and Lijiang Zeng  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 44, Issue 22, pp. 4625-4630 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.44.004625


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Abstract

A two-dimensional surface profile imaging technique that uses a low-coherence heterodyne interferometer is proposed. A double-grating frequency shifter was used in a tandem interferometer to provide the achromatic frequency shift for low-coherence light. A chopper, together with a processing circuit, was implemented to modulate the interference fringes. The surface profile was measured from the interference fringes taken by a CCD camera using a five-step method. The uncertainty in the displacement measurement is 0.34 μm for a displacement range of 43 μm. The surface profile of a glass sample with low effective reflectivity was acquired.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(040.2840) Detectors : Heterodyne
(050.5080) Diffraction and gratings : Phase shift
(110.4980) Imaging systems : Partial coherence in imaging
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(120.6660) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Surface measurements, roughness
(190.2640) Nonlinear optics : Stimulated scattering, modulation, etc.

History
Original Manuscript: November 3, 2004
Revised Manuscript: February 1, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: March 9, 2005
Published: August 1, 2005

Citation
Kaiwei Wang and Lijiang Zeng, "Two-dimensional surface profile imaging technique based on a double-grating frequency shifter," Appl. Opt. 44, 4625-4630 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-44-22-4625

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