The beam-propagation characteristics of the total internal reflection (TIR) induced by the thermo-optic effect are investigated. Based on the Fourier heat-transmission principle and the variable separation method, we derive an analytical transient expression of the thermal field for general thermo-optic devices. With the analytical expression, the time response and steady-state temperature distribution of thermo-optic devices are presented. The beam expansion rule of TIR in the thermal field is developed mathematically, and a quantitative calculation is given as well. To illustrate the application of the rule, an X-junction 2×2 TIR switch with high reflection efficiency is designed through theoretical calculation. The simulation shows that the structure exhibits a high reflection coefficient; the reflection loss is only -0.76dB. The simulation results agree well with the theoretical calculation.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
(060.1810) Fiber optics and optical communications : Buffers, couplers, routers, switches, and multiplexers
(130.0130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics
(230.3120) Optical devices : Integrated optics devices
Hui Yu, Xiaoqing Jiang, Jianyi Yang, Xihua Li, Qiang Zhou, and Minghua Wang, "Beam expansion in thermo-optic-effect-induced total internal reflection and its applications in optical switches," Appl. Opt. 44, 4846-4853 (2005)