We present what is to our knowledge the first demonstration of a potentially low-cost refractive-index sensor based on UV processing. A channel waveguide and a Bragg grating are defined in a single UV processing step, resulting in a buried structure with a well-defined grating period. A subsequent wet etch process located over the Bragg grating opens a sensing window in the device and reveals the grating structure. Sensitivity of as much as 5 × 10−6 was inferred from our device.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: November 3, 2004
Revised Manuscript: March 22, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: March 25, 2005
Published: August 20, 2005
Gregory D. Emmerson, Corin B. E. Gawith, Ian J. G. Sparrow, Richard B. Williams, and Peter G. R. Smith, "Physical observation of single step UV-written integrated planar Bragg structures and their application as a refractive-index sensor," Appl. Opt. 44, 5042-5045 (2005)