OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 44, Iss. 24 — Aug. 22, 2005
  • pp: 5042–5045

Physical observation of single step UV-written integrated planar Bragg structures and their application as a refractive-index sensor

Gregory D. Emmerson, Corin B. E. Gawith, Ian J. G. Sparrow, Richard B. Williams, and Peter G. R. Smith  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 44, Issue 24, pp. 5042-5045 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.44.005042


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (204 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present what is to our knowledge the first demonstration of a potentially low-cost refractive-index sensor based on UV processing. A channel waveguide and a Bragg grating are defined in a single UV processing step, resulting in a buried structure with a well-defined grating period. A subsequent wet etch process located over the Bragg grating opens a sensing window in the device and reveals the grating structure. Sensitivity of as much as 5 × 10−6 was inferred from our device.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.0130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics
(130.6010) Integrated optics : Sensors

History
Original Manuscript: November 3, 2004
Revised Manuscript: March 22, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: March 25, 2005
Published: August 20, 2005

Citation
Gregory D. Emmerson, Corin B. E. Gawith, Ian J. G. Sparrow, Richard B. Williams, and Peter G. R. Smith, "Physical observation of single step UV-written integrated planar Bragg structures and their application as a refractive-index sensor," Appl. Opt. 44, 5042-5045 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-44-24-5042


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. C. Mouvet, R. D. Harris, C. Maciag, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, A. Abuknesha, G. Ismail, “Determination of simazine in water samples by waveguide surface plasmon resonance,” Anal. Chim. Acta 338, 109–117 (1997). [CrossRef]
  2. W. Lukosz, “Integrated optical chemical and direct biochemical sensors,” Sens. Actuators B 29, 37–50 (1995). [CrossRef]
  3. B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, U. Hollenbach, J. Ingenhoff, N. Fabricius, “Integrated optical Mach–Zehnder biosensor,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 583–592 (1998). [CrossRef]
  4. G. J. Veldhuist, J. H. Berends, R. G. Heideman, P. V. Lambeck, “An integrated optical Bragg-reflector used as a chemo-optical sensor,” Pure Appl. Opt. 7, L23–L26 (1998). [CrossRef]
  5. A. Othonos, K. Kalli, Fiber Bragg Gratings Fundamentals and Applications in Telecommunications and Sensing (Artech House, 1999).
  6. G. D. Emmerson, C. B. E. Gawith, S. P. Watts, R. B. Williams, P. G. R. Smith, S. G. McMeekin, J. R. Bonar, R. I. Laming, “All-UV-written integrated planar Bragg gratings and channel waveguides through single-step direct grating writing,” in IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 151, 119–122 (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. B. Poumellec, P. Guenot, I. Riant, P. Sansonetti, P. Niay, P. Bernage, J. F. Bayon, “UV induced densification during Bragg grating inscription in Ge:SiO2preforms,” Opt. Mater. 4, 441–449 (1995). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Nishii, H. Yamanaka, “Bragg gratings printed upon thin glass films by excimer laser irradiation and selective chemical etching,” Appl. Opt. 36, 6852–6856 (1997). [CrossRef]
  9. A. Iadicicco, A. Cusano, A. Cutolo, R. Bernini, M. Giordano, “Thinned fiber Bragg gratings as high sensitivity refractive index sensor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lettt. 16, 1149–1151 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. K. Schroeder, W. Ecke, R. Mueller, R. Willsch, A. Andreev, “A fibre Bragg grating refractometer,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 757–764 (2001). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited