An ultraviolet incoherent Doppler lidar that incorporates the high-spectral-resolution (HSR) technique has been developed for measuring the wind field and aerosol optical properties in the troposphere. An injection seeded and tripled Nd:YAG laser at an ultraviolet wavelength of 355 nm was used in the lidar system. The HRS technique can resolve the aerosol Mie backscatter and the molecular Rayleigh backscatter to derive the signal components. By detecting the Mie backscatter, a great increase in the Doppler filter sensitivity was realized compared to the conventional incoherent Doppler lidars that detected the Rayleigh backscatter. The wind velocity distribution in a two-dimensional cross section was measured. By using the HSR technique, multifunction and absolute value measurements were realized for aerosol extinction, and volume backscatter coefficients; the laser beam transmittance, the lidar ratio, and the backscatter ratio are derived from these measurements.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
(120.2230) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Fabry-Perot
(120.7250) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Velocimetry
(280.1100) Remote sensing and sensors : Aerosol detection
(280.3340) Remote sensing and sensors : Laser Doppler velocimetry
(280.3640) Remote sensing and sensors : Lidar
Masaharu Imaki and Takao Kobayashi, "Ultraviolet high-spectral-resolution Doppler lidar for measuring wind field and aerosol optical properties," Appl. Opt. 44, 6023-6030 (2005)