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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Glenn D. Boreman
  • Vol. 44, Iss. 29 — Oct. 10, 2005
  • pp: 6115–6122

Precision compression molding of glass microlenses and microlens arrays—an experimental study

G. C. Firestone and A. Y. Yi  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 44, Issue 29, pp. 6115-6122 (2005)

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An innovative manufacturing process utilizing high-temperature compression molding to fabricate aspherical microlenses by using optical glasses, such as BK7, K-PG325, and soda-lime glass, is investigated. In a departure from conventional approaches, a unique hollow contactless mold design is adopted. Polished glass substrates and the mold assembly are heated above the glass transition temperature first, followed by initial forming, then annealing. The forming rate is controlled in real time to ensure mold position accuracy. Mold materials used include tungsten carbides, 316 stainless steel, 715 copper nickel, and aluminum alloys. The geometric control of the microlenses or microlens arrays can be precisely controlled by the forming temperature, forming speed, mold design, and annealing time.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(220.0220) Optical design and fabrication : Optical design and fabrication

ToC Category:
Optical Design and Fabrication

Original Manuscript: January 18, 2005
Revised Manuscript: April 5, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: April 21, 2005
Published: October 10, 2005

G. C. Firestone and A. Y. Yi, "Precision compression molding of glass microlenses and microlens arrays—an experimental study," Appl. Opt. 44, 6115-6122 (2005)

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