OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Glenn D. Boreman
  • Vol. 44, Iss. 29 — Oct. 10, 2005
  • pp: 6235–6239

Large-area Fabry–Perot modulator based on electro-optic polymers

Nils Benter, Ralph Peter Bertram, Elisabeth Soergel, Karsten Buse, Dirk Apitz, Lærke Bang Jacobsen, and Peer Michael Johansen  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 44, Issue 29, pp. 6235-6239 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.44.006235


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (328 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present a large-area electro-optic Fabry–Perot modulator utilizing a photoaddressable bis-azo polymer placed between two dielectric mirrors with an open aperture of 2 cm. A modulation efficiency of 1% at an effective modulation voltage of 20 V for a wavelength of 1.55 μm is demonstrated. By comparing distance tuning of the cavity with wavelength tuning, an effective electro-optic coefficient of −7 pm/V is measured.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.2230) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Fabry-Perot
(230.4110) Optical devices : Modulators
(250.2080) Optoelectronics : Polymer active devices

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

History
Original Manuscript: February 15, 2005
Revised Manuscript: April 26, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: June 16, 2005
Published: October 10, 2005

Citation
Nils Benter, Ralph Peter Bertram, Elisabeth Soergel, Karsten Buse, Dirk Apitz, Lærke Bang Jacobsen, and Peer Michael Johansen, "Large-area Fabry–Perot modulator based on electro-optic polymers," Appl. Opt. 44, 6235-6239 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-44-29-6235


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. Okada, S. Shimizu, S. Ieiri, “Tuning of a dye laser by a birefringent Fabry–Perot etalon,” Appl. Opt. 14, 917–922 (1975). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G. Hernandez, Fabry-Perot Interferometers (Cambridge U. Press, 1986).
  3. E. I. Gordon, J. D. Ridgen, “The Fabry-Perot electrooptic modulator,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 42, 155–179 (1963). [CrossRef]
  4. T. Kurokawa, S. Fukushima, “Spatial light modulators using ferroelectric liquid crystal,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 1151–1163 (1992). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Sano, M. Takeda, S. Fukushima, T. Kurokawa, “Real-time holographic vibrometry with a ferroelectric liquid-crystal spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt. 37, 7523–7531 (1998). [CrossRef]
  6. K. Hirabayashi, H. Tsuda, T. Kurokawa, “Tunable liquid-crystal Fabry-Perot interferometer filter for wavelength-division multiplexing communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2033–2043 (1993). [CrossRef]
  7. M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, D. J. McGee, “Broadband modulation of light by using an electro-optic polymer,” Science 298, 1401–1403 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. A. Eldering, S. T. Kowel, A. Knoesen, “Electrically induced transmissivity modulation in polymeric thin film Fabry–Perot etalons,” Appl. Opt. 28, 4442–4445 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K. Harada, M. Itoh, T. Yatagai, “Development of spatial light modulators with nonlinear organic materials,” Opt. Rev. 3, 440–442 (1996). [CrossRef]
  10. R. P. Bertram, E. Soergel, H. Blank, N. Benter, K. Buse, R. Hagen, S. G. Kostromine, “Strong electro-optic effect in electrically poled photoaddressable polymers,” J. Appl. Phys. 94, 6208–6210 (2003). [CrossRef]
  11. R. P. Bertram, N. Benter, D. Apitz, E. Soergel, K. Buse, R. Hagen, S. G. Kostromine, “Increased thermal stability of a poled electro-optic polymer using high-molarmass fractions,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 041802 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, 1991). [CrossRef]
  13. E. Hecht, Optics, 3rd ed. (Addison-Wesley, 1998).
  14. C. A. Eldering, S. T. Kowel, M. A. Mortazavi, P. F. Brinkley, “Electrooptic polymer materials and devices for global optical interconnects,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1142–1149 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. D. Polster, “Multiple beam interferometry,” Appl. Opt. 8, 522–525 (1969).
  16. J. G. Grote, J. S. Zetts, R. L. Nelson, F. K. Hopkins, “Effect of conductivity and dielectric constant on the modulation voltage for optoelectronic devices based on nonlinear optical polymers,” Opt. Eng. 40, 2464–2473 (2001). [CrossRef]
  17. H. L. Hampsch, J. M. Torkelson, S. J. Bethke, S. G. Grubb, “Second harmonic generation in corona poled, doped polymer films as a function of corona processing,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 1037–1041 (1990). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited