An airborne system for fast measurements of spectral actinic flux densities in the wavelength range 305–700 nm is introduced. The system is called the Actinic Flux Density Meter (AFDM). The AFDM utilizes the diode array technique and measures downwelling and upwelling spectral actinic flux densities separately with a time resolution of less than 1 s. For airborne measurements this means a spatial resolution of ~ 60 m, assuming an average aircraft velocity of 60 m/s. Thus the AFDM resolves fast changes in the actinic radiation field, which are of special importance for conditions of inhomogeneous clouds or surface reflection. Laboratory characterization measurements of the AFDM are presented, and a method to correct the nonideal angular response of the optical inlets is introduced. Furthermore, exemplar field data sampled simultaneously with spectral irradiance measurements are shown. The horizontal variability of the measured spectra of actinic flux density is quantified, and profile measurements for overcast situations are presented. Finally, the effects of clouds on the spectral actinic flux density are discussed.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: September 19, 2003
Revised Manuscript: March 22, 2004
Manuscript Accepted: May 11, 2004
Published: January 20, 2005
Evelyn Jäkel, Manfred Wendisch, Anke Kniffka, and Thomas Trautmann, "Airborne system for fast measurements of upwelling and downwelling spectral actinic flux densities," Appl. Opt. 44, 434-444 (2005)