OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Glenn D. Boreman
  • Vol. 44, Iss. 34 — Dec. 1, 2005
  • pp: 7458–7466

Investigation of multiconversion processes in periodically poled LiNbO3-based optical parametric oscillators

Husam H. Abu-Safe  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 44, Issue 34, pp. 7458-7466 (2005)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (249 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The multiconversion processes in optical parametric oscillators based on periodically poled LiNbO3 are investigated. Interpretations based on simultaneous quasi- and birefringent phase matching are presented. Three parametric and three harmonic generation processes in a multigrating periodically poled LiNbO3 crystal were observed. Two of the parametric processes and two of the harmonics were quasi-phase matched, and the other conversion processes were phase matched through birefringence in the crystal. The primary parametric process (ωp → ωs + ωi) was obtained through first-order quasi-phase matching. The other quasi-phase-matched processes occurred within higher orders. The existence of even-order quasi-phase matching in the crystal is due to other than a 50% duty-cycle grating periods. The tuning range for each of the generated waves is obtained and compared with theoretical fittings.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(190.2620) Nonlinear optics : Harmonic generation and mixing
(190.4410) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, parametric processes
(190.4970) Nonlinear optics : Parametric oscillators and amplifiers
(230.4910) Optical devices : Oscillators

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: March 29, 2005
Revised Manuscript: June 3, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: June 6, 2005
Published: December 1, 2005

Husam H. Abu-Safe, "Investigation of multiconversion processes in periodically poled LiNbO3-based optical parametric oscillators," Appl. Opt. 44, 7458-7466 (2005)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. A. Andrews, Herbert Rabin, C. L. Tang, “Coupled parametric downconversion and upconversion with simultaneous phase matching,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 605–608 (1970). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Vaidyanathan, R. C. Eckardt, V. Dominic, L. E. Myers, T. P. Grayson, “Cascaded optical parametric oscillations,” Opt. Exp. 1, 49–53 (1997). [CrossRef]
  3. M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631–2654 (1992). [CrossRef]
  4. X. P. Zhang, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, W. W. Ruhle, H. Giessen, “Efficient intracavity generation of visible pulses in a femtosecond near-infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 26, 2005–2009 (2001). [CrossRef]
  5. N. P. Barnes, V. J. Cocoran, “Parametric generation processes: spectral bandwidth and acceptance angles,” Appl. Opt. 15, 696–699 (1976). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. W. R. Bosenberg, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, R. W. Wallace, “2.5-W, continuous-wave, 629-nm solid-state laser source,” Opt. Lett. 23, 207–209 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. T. Kartaloğlu, Z. G. Figen, O. Aytür, “Simultaneous phase matching of optical parametric oscillation and second-harmonic generation in aperiodically poled lithium niobate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 343–350 (2003). [CrossRef]
  8. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, “Multigrating quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillator in periodically poled LiNbO3,” Opt. Lett. 21, 591–593 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. H. Jundt, “Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation for the index of refraction, ne, in congruent lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1553–1555 (1997). [CrossRef]
  10. S. Ballard, S. E. Brown, J. S. Browder, “Measurements of the thermal expansion of six optical materials, from room temperature to 250°C,” Appl. Opt. 17, 1152–1154 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. G. C. Bhar, U. Chatterjee, S. Das, “A technique for the calculation of phase-matching angle for type-II noncollinear sum-frequency generation in negative uinaxial crystals,” Opt. Commun 80, 381–384 (1991). [CrossRef]
  12. G. J. Edwards, M. Lawrence, “A temperature-dependent dispersion equation for congruently grown lithium niobate,” Opt. Quantum. Electron. 16, 373–375 (1984). [CrossRef]
  13. W. Wiechmann, S. Kubota, T. Fukui, H. Masuda, “Refractive-index temperature derivatives of potassium titanyl phosphate,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1208–1210 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Y. S. Kim, R. T. Smith, “Thermal expansion of lithium tantalate and lithium niobate single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4637–4644 (1969). [CrossRef]
  15. D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, “Low-pump-threshold continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1895–1897 (1998). [CrossRef]
  16. W. R. Bosenberg, A. Drobshoff, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, R. L. Byer “Continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled LiNbO3,” Opt. Lett. 21, 713–715 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited