The ultimate goal of holographic particle image velocimetry (HPIV) is to provide space- and time-resolved measurement of complex flows. Recent new understanding of holographic imaging of small particles, pertaining to intrinsic aberration and noise in particular, has enabled us to elucidate fundamental issues in HPIV and implement a new HPIV system. This system is based on our previously reported off-axis HPIV setup, but the design is optimized by incorporating our new insights of holographic particle imaging characteristics. Furthermore, the new system benefits from advanced data processing algorithms and distributed parallel computing technology. Because of its robustness and efficiency, for the first time to our knowledge, the goal of both temporally and spatially resolved flow measurements becomes tangible. We demonstrate its temporal measurement capability by a series of phase-locked dynamic measurements of instantaneous three-dimensional, three-component velocity fields in a highly three-dimensional vortical flow--the flow past a tab.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
(090.0090) Holography : Holography
(110.6880) Imaging systems : Three-dimensional image acquisition
(120.7250) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Velocimetry
(290.5850) Scattering : Scattering, particles
Ye Pu and Hui Meng, "Four-dimensional dynamic flow measurement by holographic particle image velocimetry," Appl. Opt. 44, 7697-7708 (2005)