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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Glenn D. Boreman
  • Vol. 44, Iss. 36 — Dec. 20, 2005
  • pp: 7780–7788

Modeling and measurement of temperature sensitivity in birefringent photonic crystal holey fibers

Tadeusz Martynkien, Marcin Szpulak, and Waclaw Urbanczyk  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 44, Issue 36, pp. 7780-7788 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.44.007780


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Abstract

We analyzed theoretically the spectral dependence of polarimetric sensitivity to temperature (KT) and the susceptibility of phase modal birefringence to temperature (dB/dT) in several birefringent photonic crystal holey fibers of different construction. Contributions to dB/dT related to thermal expansion of the fiber dimensions and that related to temperature-induced changes in glass and air refractive indices were calculated separately. Our results showed that dB/dT depends strongly on the material used for manufacturing the fiber and on the fiber’s geometry. We demonstrate that, by properly designing the birefringent holey fiber, it is possible to reduce its temperature sensitivity significantly and even to ensure a null response to temperature at a specific wavelength. Furthermore, we show that the temperature sensitivity in a fiber with arbitrary geometry can be significantly reduced by proper choice of the glass used in the fiber’s manufacture. We also measured the polarimetric sensitivity to temperature and identified its sign in two silica–air fibers. The experimental values are in good agreement with the results of modeling.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2270) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber characterization
(060.2400) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber properties
(060.2420) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, polarization-maintaining

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: April 25, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: July 15, 2005
Published: December 20, 2005

Citation
Tadeusz Martynkien, Marcin Szpulak, and Waclaw Urbanczyk, "Modeling and measurement of temperature sensitivity in birefringent photonic crystal holey fibers," Appl. Opt. 44, 7780-7788 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-44-36-7780

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