We describe a face recognition system based on two different three-dimensional (3D) sensors. We use 3D sensors to overcome the pose-variation problems that cannot be effectively solved in two-dimensional images. We acquire input data based on a structured-light system and compare it with 3D faces that are obtained from a 3D laser scanner. Owing to differences in structure between the input data and the 3D faces, we can generate the range images of the probe and stored images. For estimating the head pose of input data, we propose a novel error-compensated singular-value decomposition that geometrically estimates the rotation angle. Face recognition rates obtained with principal component analysis on various range images of 35 people in different poses show promising results.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
(100.0100) Image processing : Image processing
(100.5010) Image processing : Pattern recognition
(150.0150) Machine vision : Machine vision
(150.6910) Machine vision : Three-dimensional sensing
Hwanjong Song, Sangyoun Lee, Jaihie Kim, and Kwanghoon Sohn, "Three-dimensional sensor-based face recognition," Appl. Opt. 44, 677-687 (2005)