We have simulated backscatter signals of spaceborne lidar systems with the help of a Monte Carlo model. Calculations were performed for various combinations of system parameters. As typical examples of atmospheric observation targets, two kinds of cirrus cloud and two kinds of aerosol were considered. Both total multiple scattering and the significance of individual higher scattering orders are discussed. For all cases, an approximate multiple scattering factor F was calculated that can be used to correct the single-scattering lidar equation to account also for multiple scattering.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: January 12, 2004
Revised Manuscript: May 4, 2004
Manuscript Accepted: May 26, 2004
Published: February 20, 2005
Peter Völger, Andrew Y. S. Cheng, and Nobuo Sugimoto, "Influence of atmospheric and system parameters on multiple scattering in spaceborne backscatter lidar measurements," Appl. Opt. 44, 1051-1066 (2005)