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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 44, Iss. 6 — Feb. 20, 2005
  • pp: 976–983

Average intensity and spreading of cosh-Gaussian laser beams in the turbulent atmosphere

Halil T. Eyyuboğlu and Yahya Baykal  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 44, Issue 6, pp. 976-983 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.44.000976


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Abstract

The average intensity and spreading of cosh-Gaussian laser beams in the turbulent atmosphere are examined. Our research is based principally on formulating the average-intensity profile at the receiver plane for cosh-Gaussian excitation. The limiting cases of our formulation for the average intensity are found to reduce correctly to the existing Gaussian beam wave result in turbulence and the cosh-Gaussian beam result in free space (in the absence of turbulence). The average intensity and the broadening of the cosh-Gaussian beam wave after it propagates in the turbulent atmosphere are numerically evaluated versus source size, beam displacement, link length, structure constant, and two wavelengths of 0.85 and 1.55 μm, which are most widely used in currently employed free-space-optical links. Results indicate that in turbulence the beam is widened beyond its free-space diffraction values. At the receiver plane, analogous to the case of free space, this diffraction eventually leads to transformation of the cosh-Gaussian beam into an oscillatory average-intensity profile with a Gaussian envelope.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1300) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric propagation
(010.1330) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric turbulence
(010.3310) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Laser beam transmission
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications

History
Original Manuscript: March 26, 2004
Revised Manuscript: October 13, 2004
Manuscript Accepted: October 22, 2004
Published: February 20, 2005

Citation
Halil T. Eyyuboğlu and Yahya Baykal, "Average intensity and spreading of cosh-Gaussian laser beams in the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 44, 976-983 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-44-6-976


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References

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