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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 44, Iss. 7 — Mar. 1, 2005
  • pp: 1305–1314

Ultraviolet Rayleigh–Mie lidar with Mie-scattering correction by Fabry–Perot etalons for temperature profiling of the troposphere

Dengxin Hua, Masaru Uchida, and Takao Kobayashi  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 44, Issue 7, pp. 1305-1314 (2005)

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A Rayleigh–Mie-scattering lidar system at an eye-safe 355-nm ultraviolet wavelength that is based on a high-spectral-resolution lidar technique is demonstrated for measuring the vertical temperature profile of the troposphere. Two Rayleigh signals, which determine the atmospheric temperature, are filtered with two Fabry–Perot etalon filters. The filters are located on the same side of the wings of the Rayleigh-scattering spectrum and are optically constructed with a dual-pass optical layout. This configuration achieves a high rejection rate for Mie scattering and reasonable transmission for Rayleigh scattering. The Mie signal is detected with a third Fabry–Perot etalon filter, which is centered at the laser frequency. The filter parameters were optimized by numerical calculation; the results showed a Mie rejection of ~ −45 dB, and Rayleigh transmittance greater than 1% could be achieved for the two Rayleigh channels. A Mie correction method is demonstrated that uses an independent measure of the aerosol scattering to correct the temperature measurements that have been influenced by the aerosols and clouds. Simulations and preliminary experiments have demonstrated that the performance of the dual-pass etalon and Mie correction method is highly effective in practical applications. Simulation results have shown that the temperature errors that are due to noise are less than 1 K up to a height of 4 km for daytime measurement for 300 W m−2 sr−1 μm−1 sky brightness with a lidar system that uses 200 mJ of laser energy, a 3.5-min integration time, and a 25-cm telescope.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.7030) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Troposphere
(120.2230) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Fabry-Perot
(120.6780) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Temperature
(140.3610) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, ultraviolet
(280.1100) Remote sensing and sensors : Aerosol detection
(280.3640) Remote sensing and sensors : Lidar

Original Manuscript: January 29, 2004
Revised Manuscript: August 22, 2004
Manuscript Accepted: October 26, 2004
Published: March 1, 2005

Dengxin Hua, Masaru Uchida, and Takao Kobayashi, "Ultraviolet Rayleigh–Mie lidar with Mie-scattering correction by Fabry–Perot etalons for temperature profiling of the troposphere," Appl. Opt. 44, 1305-1314 (2005)

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