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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 44, Iss. 8 — Mar. 10, 2005
  • pp: 1416–1425

Properties of a diffused photon-pair density wave in a multiple-scattering medium

Yi-Hsin Chan, Chien Chou, Jheng-Syong Wu, Hsiu-Fong Chang, and Hon-Fai Yau  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 44, Issue 8, pp. 1416-1425 (2005)

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A novel diffused photon-pair density wave (DPPDW) composed of correlated polarized photon pairs at different temporal frequencies and orthogonal linearly polarized states is proposed. A theory of DPPDWs is developed. A DPPDW selected by coherence gating and polarization gating that satisfies the diffusion equation has been verified experimentally. The sensitivity of amplitude and phase detection of the heterodyne signal has been improved by the properties of synchronized detection and common-path propagation of polarized pair photons in a multiple-scattering medium. Both reduced scattering coefficient μ2s′ and absorption coefficient μ2a of the scattering medium in terms of the measured phase and amplitude of the heterodyne signal have been obtained. The detection sensitivity of μ2s′ and μ2a and the properties of a DPPDW in a multiple-scattering medium are discussed and analyzed.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(170.5270) Medical optics and biotechnology : Photon density waves
(170.5280) Medical optics and biotechnology : Photon migration
(170.7050) Medical optics and biotechnology : Turbid media
(290.4210) Scattering : Multiple scattering

Original Manuscript: December 30, 2003
Revised Manuscript: May 26, 2004
Manuscript Accepted: November 3, 2004
Published: March 10, 2005

Yi-Hsin Chan, Chien Chou, Jheng-Syong Wu, Hsiu-Fong Chang, and Hon-Fai Yau, "Properties of a diffused photon-pair density wave in a multiple-scattering medium," Appl. Opt. 44, 1416-1425 (2005)

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