OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 45, Iss. 10 — Apr. 1, 2006
  • pp: 2240–2245

Dynamic light scattering by using self-mixing interferometry with a laser diode

Christian Zakian, Mark Dickinson, and Terence King  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 45, Issue 10, pp. 2240-2245 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.45.002240


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (451 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The power spectrum of the laser intensity is studied when optical feedback in a laser diode is used as a sensing configuration for dynamic light-scattering experiments. We present a theory that relates the power spectrum obtained from standard dynamic light-scattering theory to the intensity power spectrum of the laser. This theory provides a concise description of this sensing technique, also known as self-mixing interferometry, when it is applied to Doppler shift and line-broadening measurements of the backscattered field.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(140.2020) Lasers and laser optics : Diode lasers
(290.0290) Scattering : Scattering
(290.3700) Scattering : Linewidth

ToC Category:
Photon Correlation and Scattering

History
Original Manuscript: May 2, 2005
Revised Manuscript: November 28, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: November 29, 2005

Citation
Christian Zakian, Mark Dickinson, and Terence King, "Dynamic light scattering by using self-mixing interferometry with a laser diode," Appl. Opt. 45, 2240-2245 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-45-10-2240


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. H. Z. Cummins, N. Knable, and Y. Yeh, "Observation of diffusion broadening of Rayleigh scattered light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 150-153 (1964). [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Yeh and H. Z. Cummins, "Localized fluid flow measurements with an He-Ne laser spectrometer," Appl. Phys Lett. 4, 176-178 (1964). [CrossRef]
  3. H. Z. Cummins and H. L. Swinney, "Light beating spectroscopy," Prog. Opt. 8, 135-200 (1970).
  4. E. R. Pike, "The application of photon correlation spectroscopy to laser Doppler measurements," J. Phys D. 5, L23-L25 (1972). [CrossRef]
  5. B. J. Berne and R. Pecora, Dynamic Light Scattering with Applications to Chemistry, Biology, and Physics (Wiley, 1976).
  6. M. F. Clapper, J. S. Collura, D. Harrison, and M. R. Fisch, "Transition from diffusing to dynamic light scattering in solutions of monodisperse polystyrene spheres," Phys. Rev. E 59, 3631-3636 (1999). [CrossRef]
  7. B. J. Frisken, "Revisiting the method of cumulants for the analysis of dynamic light-scattering data," Appl. Opt. 40, 4087-4091 (2001).
  8. S. Shinohara, A. Mochizuki, H. Yoshida, and M. Sumi, "Laser Doppler velocimeter using the self-mixing effect of a semiconductor laser diode," Appl. Opt. 25, 1417-1419 (1986).
  9. M. Slot, M. H. Koelink, F. G. Scholten, F. F. M. de Mul, A. L. Weijers, J. Greve, R. Graff, A. C. M. Dassel, J. G. Aarnoudse, and F. H. B. Tuynman, "Blood flow velocity measurements based on the self-mixing effect in a fibre-coupled semiconductor laser: in vivo and in vitro measurements," Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 30, 441-446 (1992).
  10. F. F. M. de Mul, M. H. Koelink, A. L. Weijers, J. Greve, J. G. Aarnoudse, R. Graff, and A. C. M. Dassel, "Self-mixing laser-Doppler velocimetry of liquid flow and of blood perfusion in tissue," Appl. Opt. 31, 5844-5851 (1992).
  11. M. H. Koelink, M. Slot, F. F. M. de Mul, J. Greve, R. Graaff, A. C. M. Dassel, and J. G. Aarnoudse, "Laser Doppler velocimeter based on the self-mixing effect in a fiber-coupled semiconductor laser: theory," Appl. Opt. 31, 3401-3408 (1992).
  12. F. F. M. de Mul, L. Scalise, A. L. Petoukhova, M. van Herwinjnen, P. Moes, and W. Steenbergen, "Glass-fiber self-mixing intra-arterial laser Doppler velocimetry: signal stability and feedback analysis," Appl. Opt. 41, 658-667 (2002).
  13. L. Scalise, Y. Yu, G. Giuliani, G. Plantier, and T. Bosch, "Self-mixing laser diode velocimetry: application to vibration and velocity measurement," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 53, 223-232 (2004). [CrossRef]
  14. S. K. Özdemir, S. Shinohara, S. Takamiya, and H. Yoshida, "Noninvasive blood flow measurement using speckle signals from a self-mixing laser diode: in vivo and in vitro experiments," Opt. Eng. 39, 2574-2580 (2000). [CrossRef]
  15. S. K. Özdemir, S. Shinohara, S. Takamiya, and H. Yoshida, "Self-mixing laser speckle velocimeter for blood flow measurement," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 49, 1029-1035 (2000). [CrossRef]
  16. C. Zakian, M. Dickinson, and T. King, "Particle-sizing and flow measurement using self-mixing interferometry with a laser diode," J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S445-S452 (2005).
  17. R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, "External optical feedback effects on semiconductor injection laser properties," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 16, 347-355 (1980). [CrossRef]
  18. J. Martin, Y. Zhao, S. Balle, K. Bergmann, and M. P. Fewell, "Visible-wavelength diode laser with weak frequency-shifted optical feedback," Opt. Commun. 112, 109-121 (1994). [CrossRef]
  19. E. Lacot, R. Day, and F. Stoeckel, "Coherent laser detection by frequency-shifted optical feedback," Phys Rev. A 64043815 (2001).
  20. N. G. van Kampen, Stochastic Processes in Physics and Chemistry (North-Holland, 1981).
  21. D. J. I. Tritton, Physical Fluid Dynamics (Oxford Science Publications, 1988).
  22. B. Tromborg, J. H. Osmundsen, and H. Olesen, "Stability analysis for a semiconductor laser in an external cavity," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 20, 1023-1032 (1984). [CrossRef]
  23. D. Lenstra, B. H. Verbeek, and A. J. Den Boef, "Coherence collapse in single-mode semiconductor lasers due to optical feedback," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 21, 674-679 (1985). [CrossRef]
  24. R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, "Regimes of feedback effects in 1.5-μm distributed feedback lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1655-1661 (1986).
  25. G. H. M. Van Tartwijk and D. Lenstra, "Semiconductor lasers with optical injection and feedback," Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 7, 87-143 (1995). [CrossRef]
  26. P. I. Richter and T. W. Hänsch, "Diode lasers in external cavities with frequency-shifted feedback," Opt. Commun. 85, 414-418 (1991). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited