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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 45, Iss. 14 — May. 10, 2006
  • pp: 3243–3252

Growth-dependent refractive index nonlinearity and mean microstructural properties of codeposited composite gadolinia silica films

Naba K. Sahoo, Sudhakar Thakur, and Raj B. Tokas  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 45, Issue 14, pp. 3243-3252 (2006)

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Codeposited gadolinia silica composite films have been probed for their growth-dependent optical and microstructural properties using phase-modulated spectroscopic ellipsometry and scanning probe microscopy. The mean refractive indices were computed using an effective ellipsometric multilayer modeling approach. Most of the composite films have shown growth-induced nonlinear refractive indices to some extent. However, the mean optical properties have depicted interesting trends in the microstructural evolutions. Gadolinia silica composite films in the composition ratio ranging from 90:10 to 70:30 have depicted superior optical as well as morphological properties. Unlike conventional oxide films, these composite films displayed microstructural, spectral refractive index, and bandgap supremacy over the pure films. Such an observation cannot be explained by the empirical Moss law. Atomic force microscopy also revealed a superior morphology in the composite films. The autocorrelation and height–height correlation functional analysis have distinctly supported such superior microstructural features in the composite films, which justifies the supremacy of the optical properties. Such an observation has opened up possibilities to utilize such composite films toward deep- and extreme-ultraviolet spectral regions of the electromagnetic spectrum.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.4530) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical constants
(160.4670) Materials : Optical materials
(180.5810) Microscopy : Scanning microscopy
(240.0240) Optics at surfaces : Optics at surfaces
(310.0310) Thin films : Thin films
(310.1620) Thin films : Interference coatings

Original Manuscript: October 6, 2005
Revised Manuscript: December 14, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: December 14, 2005

Naba K. Sahoo, Sudhakar Thakur, and Raj B. Tokas, "Growth-dependent refractive index nonlinearity and mean microstructural properties of codeposited composite gadolinia silica films," Appl. Opt. 45, 3243-3252 (2006)

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