OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 45, Iss. 15 — May. 20, 2006
  • pp: 3553–3560

Bragg mirror inscription on LiNbO3 waveguides by index microstructuration

Richard Ferriere, Badr-Eddine Benkelfat, John M. Dudley, and Kamal Ghoumid  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 45, Issue 15, pp. 3553-3560 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.45.003553


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1089 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Numerous applications in integrated optics, especially those related to multiwavelength telecommunications, require dichroic reflectors for use as narrowband or broadband wavelength-selective filters. Bragg mirrors are excellent candidates for this purpose, and we describe a method of fabricating Bragg grating reflectors in Ti-indiffused Lithium Niobate single-mode waveguides based on holographic masking in association with proton exchange. The holographic setup is employed to record a photolithographic mask directly on the substrate, enabling the inscription of waveguides with both periodic and aperiodic distributed parameters.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.5790) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Sagnac effect
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication
(230.1480) Optical devices : Bragg reflectors

ToC Category:
Optical Design and Fabrication

History
Original Manuscript: July 20, 2005
Revised Manuscript: December 13, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: December 28, 2005

Citation
Richard Ferriere, Badr-Eddine Benkelfat, John M. Dudley, and Kamal Ghoumid, "Bragg mirror inscription on LiNbO3 waveguides by index microstructuration," Appl. Opt. 45, 3553-3560 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-45-15-3553


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. Yariv and M. Nakamura, "Periodic structure for integrated optics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13, 233-251 (1977). [CrossRef]
  2. C. Becker, A. Greiner, T. Oesselke, A. Pape, W. Sohler, and H. Suche, "Integrated optical Ti:Er:LinbO3 distibuted Bragg reflector laser with fixed photorefractive grating," Opt. Lett. 23, 1194-1196 (1998). [CrossRef]
  3. B. K. Das, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, "Integrated optical distributed feedback laser with Ti:Fe:LiNbO3 waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1515-1517 (2003). [CrossRef]
  4. J. Söchtig, "Ti:LiNbO3 stripe waveguide Bragg reflector gratings," Electron. Lett. 24, 844-845 (1988). [CrossRef]
  5. B. Wu, P. L. Chu, H. Hu, and Z. Xiong, "UV-induced surface-relief gratings on LiNbO3 channel waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1369-1373 (1999). [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Sidorin and A. Cheng, "Integration of Bragg gratings on LiNbO3 channel waveguides using laser ablation," Electron. Lett. 17, 312-314 (2001). [CrossRef]
  7. N. Takeshima, Y. Kuroiwa, Y. Narita, S. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, "Fabrication of a periodic structure with a high refractive-index difference by femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Express 12, 4019-4021 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. Meltz, W. W. Morey, and W. H. Glenn, "Formation of Bragg gratings in optical fiber by a tranverse holographic method," Opt. Lett. 14, 823-825 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. Taunay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, W. Xie, G. Martinelli, P. Niay, J. Bayon, E. Delavaque, and H. Poignant, "Ultraviolet-enhanced photosensitivity in cerium-doped aluminisilicate fibers and glasses through high-pressure hydrogen loading," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 912-924 (1997). [CrossRef]
  10. K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Jonhson, and B. S. Kawasaki, "Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: application to reflection filter fabrication," Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647-649 (1978). [CrossRef]
  11. H. Patrick and S. L. Gilbert, "Growth of Bragg gratings produced by continuous-wave ultraviolet light in optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 18, 1484-1486 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. P. Hariharan, "Sagnac or Michelson-Sagnac interferometer?," Appl. Opt. 14, 2319-2321 (1975). [CrossRef]
  13. P. Hariharan and D. Sen, "Triangular path interferometer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 1105-1106 (1959). [CrossRef]
  14. G. Cochran, "New method of making Fresnel transforms with incoherent light," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1513-1517 (1966). [CrossRef]
  15. D. N. Grimes, "Optical correlator with special application to MTF measurement," Appl. Opt. 11, 914-918 (1972). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. R. Ferriere and B. E. Benkelfat, "Novel holographic setup to realize on-chip photolithographic mask for Bragg grating inscription," Opt. Commun. 206, 275-280 (2002). [CrossRef]
  17. J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, and J. J. Veselka, "Proton exchange for high index waveguide in LiNbO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 607-608 (1982). [CrossRef]
  18. M. De Micheli, J. Botineau, S. Neveu, D. B. Ostrowsky, and M. Papuchon, "Independent control of index and profiles in proton-exchanged lithium niobate waveguides," Opt. Lett. 8, 114-115 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. P. G. Suchoski, T. K. Findakly, and F. J. Leonberger, "Stable low-loss proton-exchanged LiNbO3 waveguide devices with no electro-optic degradation," Opt. Lett. 13, 1050-1052 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. A. L. Dawar, S. M. Al-Shukri, R. M. De La Rue, A. C. G. Nutt, and G. Stewart, "Fabrication and characterization of titanium indiffused proton exchanged optical waveguides in z-cut LiNbO3," Opt. Commun. 61, 100-104 (1987). [CrossRef]
  21. G. E. Betts, F. J. O'Donnell, and K. G. Ray, "Effect of annealing of photorefractive damage in titanium-indiffused LiNbO3 modulators," Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 211-213 (1994). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited