OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 45, Iss. 16 — Jun. 1, 2006
  • pp: 3871–3877

Light backscatter by surfaces composed of small spherical particles

Sergey Bondarenko, Andrey Ovcharenko, Yuriy Shkuratov, Gorden Videen, Jay Eversole, and Matthew Hart  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 45, Issue 16, pp. 3871-3877 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1044 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present measurements of phase angle curves of intensity and degree of linear polarization of powdery surfaces at two spectral bands centered near 0.44 and 0.63   μm . Three powder samples consisting of nonabsorbing spherical particles of sizes comparable with the wavelengths 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5   μm were examined. The particulate surfaces were measured in the phase angle range of 0.2°–50° by two different photometers and∕or polarimeters. At small phase angles, powdery samples consisting of spherical particles (having very high albedo that resulted in significant multiple scattering) showed prominent features that corresponded to single- particle scattering. These features became more prominent after compressing the surfaces when we changed the packing density of the powders from 0.29 to 0.48. Noticeable differences were observed between polarimetric curves corresponding to different wavelengths. All the samples demonstrated prominent opposition intensity spikes at phase angles < 2 ° likely caused by the coherent backscatter enhancement due to multiple scattering within the particulate surface. The intensity phase curves at these two wavelengths were similar. The photopolarimetric measurements may have broad applications to the interpretation of photometry, spectroscopy, and polarimetry of the ice regoliths of high albedo satellites.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(290.0290) Scattering : Scattering
(290.1350) Scattering : Backscattering

Original Manuscript: July 20, 2005
Revised Manuscript: October 24, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: October 24, 2005

Sergey Bondarenko, Andrey Ovcharenko, Yuriy Shkuratov, Gorden Videen, Jay Eversole, and Matthew Hart, "Light backscatter by surfaces composed of small spherical particles," Appl. Opt. 45, 3871-3877 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. H. Zhang and K. Voss, "Comparison of bidirectional reflectance distribution function measurements on prepared particulate surfaces and radiative transfer models," Appl. Opt. 44, 597-610 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. B. Hapke, Theory of Reflectance and Emittance Spectroscopy (Cambridge U. Press, 1993). [CrossRef]
  3. M. I. Mishchenko, J. Dlugach, E. Yanovitskij, and N. Zakharova, "Bidirectional reflectance of flat, optically thick particulate layers: an efficient radiative transfer solution and applications to snow and soil surface," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 63, 409-432 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. Yu. G. Shkuratov, D. G. Stankevich, D. V. Petrov, P. C. Pinet, A. M. Cord, Y. H. Daydou, and S. D. Chevrel, "Interpreting photometry of regolith-like surfaces with different topographies: shadowing and multiple scattering," Icarus 173, 3-15 (2005). [CrossRef]
  5. Yu. Shkuratov, G. Videen, M. Kreslavsky, I. Belskaya, A. Ovcharenko, V. Kaydash, V. Omelchenko, N. Opanasenko, and E. Zubko, "Scattering properties of planetary regoliths near opposition," in Photopolarimetry in Remote Sensing, G.Videen, Ya.Yatskiv, and M.Mishchenko, eds., NATO Science Series, (Kluwer Academic, 2004), pp. 191-208.
  6. J. Goguen, "A test of the applicability of independent scattering to high albedo planetary regoliths," Lunar Planet. Sci. 24, 541-542 (1993).
  7. Yu. Shkuratov and A. Ovcharenko, "Experimental modeling of opposition effect and negative polarization of regolith-like surfaces," in Optics of Cosmic Dust, G.Videen and M.Kocifa, eds. NATO Science Series, (Kluwer Academic, 2002), pp. 225-238.
  8. Yu. Shkuratov, A. Ovcharenko, E. Zubko, O. Miloslavskaya, R. Nelson, W. Smythe, K. Muinonen, J. Piironen, V. Rosenbush, and P. Helfenstein, "The opposition effect and negative polarization of structurally simulated planetary regoliths," Icarus 159, 396-416 (2002). [CrossRef]
  9. A. A. Ovcharenko, S. Y. Bondarenko, E. S. Zubko, Yu. G. Shkuratov, G. Videen, R. M. Nelson and W. D. Smythe, "Particle size effect on the opposition spike and negative polarization," J. Quant Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, doi:. [CrossRef]
  10. V. P. Tishkovets, "Multiple scattering of light by a layer of discrete random medium: backscattering," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 72, 123-137 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. V. P. Tishkovets and M. I. Mishchenko, "Coherent backscattering of light by a layer of discrete random medium," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 86, 161-180 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. M. Mishchenko, V. Tishkovets, and P. Litvinov, "Exact results of the vector theory of coherent backscattering from discrete random media: an overview," in Optics of Cosmic Dust, G.Videen and M.Kocifaj, eds., NATO Science Series, (Kluwer Academic, 2002), pp. 239-260.
  13. P. V. Litvinov, V. P. Tishkovets, K. Muinonen, and G. Videen, "The coherent opposition effect for discrete random media," in Wave Scattering in Complex Media: from Theory to Applications, B.van Tiggelen and S.Skipetrov, eds. (Kluwer Academic, 2003), pp. 567-581. [CrossRef]
  14. R. Nelson, B. Hapke, W. Smyth, Yu. Shkuratov, A. Ovcharenko, and D. Stankevich, "The reflectance phase curves at very small phase angle: a comparative study of two goniometers," Lunar Planet. Sci. 30, Abstract No. 2068 (1999).
  15. V. Weidner and J. Hsia, "Reflection properties of pressed polytetrafluoroethylene powder," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 856-861 (1981). [CrossRef]
  16. G. Videen, "Polarization opposition effect and second-order ray tracing," Appl. Opt. 41, 5115-5121 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited