OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 45, Iss. 18 — Jun. 20, 2006
  • pp: 4284–4290

Tunable Bragg filters based on polymer swelling

Wolfgang Mönch, Jan Dehnert, Oswald Prucker, Jürgen Rühe, and Hans Zappe  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 45, Issue 18, pp. 4284-4290 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (130 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report on the optical properties of Bragg mirrors and filters fabricated from photo-cross-linked standard optical polymers. The transmittance spectra of these devices in the visible to near-infrared spectral range were measured. We demonstrate efficient tuning of the filter peak of the polymer Bragg filters over several hundred nanometers by adding organic solvents to the surrounding atmosphere of the filter. This represents what we believe to be a novel tuning principle for Bragg filters relying on the use of polymeric materials.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.4610) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical fabrication
(160.5470) Materials : Polymers
(230.1480) Optical devices : Bragg reflectors
(300.6170) Spectroscopy : Spectra
(310.1860) Thin films : Deposition and fabrication
(350.2460) Other areas of optics : Filters, interference

ToC Category:
Optical Design and Fabrication

Original Manuscript: August 31, 2005
Revised Manuscript: November 17, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: November 17, 2005

Wolfgang Mönch, Jan Dehnert, Oswald Prucker, Jürgen Rühe, and Hans Zappe, "Tunable Bragg filters based on polymer swelling," Appl. Opt. 45, 4284-4290 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. B. Mott, R. B. Barclay, A. Bier, T. C. Chen, B. DiCamillo, D. Deming, M. A. Greenhouse, R. Henry, T. Hewagama, M. Jacobson, M. Quijada, S. Satyapal, and D. S. Schwinger, "Micromachined tunable Fabry-Perot filters for infrared astronomy," in Instrument Design and Performance for Optical/Infrared Ground-based Telescopes, M. Iye and A. F. Moorwood, eds., Proc. SPIE 4841, 578-585 (2003). [CrossRef]
  2. D. Hohlfeld and H. Zappe, "An all-dielectric tunable optical filter based on the thermo-optic effect," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 504-511 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. J. Daleiden, V. Rangelow, S. Irmer, F. Römer, M. Strassner, C. Prott, A. Tarraf, and H. Hillmer, "Record tuning range of InP-based multiple air-gap MOEMS filter," Electron. Lett. 38, 1270-1271 (2002). [CrossRef]
  4. H. Soda, K. Iga, C. Kitahara, and Y. Suematsu, "GaInAsP/InP surface emitting injection lasers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 2329-2330 (1979). [CrossRef]
  5. K. Iga, S. Ishikawa, S. Ohkuochi, and T. Nishimura, "Room-temperature pulsed oscillations of GaAlAs/GaAs surface-emitting injection laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 348-350 (1984). [CrossRef]
  6. M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, "Giant birefringent optics in multilayer polymer mirrors," Science 287, 2451-2456 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. Strharsky and J. Wheatley, "Polymer optical interference filters," Opt. Photonics News 13, 34-40 (2002). [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas, "A dielectric omnidirectional reflector," Science 282, 1679-1682 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. V. Vogel and M. Berroth, "Tunable liquid crystal Fabry-Perot filters," in Integrated Optical Devices: Fabrication and Testing, G.C.Righini, ed., Proc. SPIE 4944, 293-302 (2003).
  10. K. Harada, K. Munakata, M. Itoh, N. Yoshikawa, S. Umegaki, and T. Yatagai, "Spatial filtering using poled polymer etalon light modulators," Opt. Quantum Electron. 32, 1351-1358 (2000). [CrossRef]
  11. L. Zhai, A. J. Nolte, R. E. Cohen, and M. F. Rubner, "pH-gated porosity transitions of polyelectrolyte multilayers in confined geometries and their application to tunable Bragg reflectors," Macromolecules 37, 6113-6123 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. F. J. Arregui, R. O. Claus, K. L. Cooper, C. Fernández-Valdivielso, and I. R. Matías, "Optical fiber gas sensor based on self-assembled gratings," J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1932-1937 (2001). [CrossRef]
  13. E. Hecht, Optics, 4th ed. (Addison-Wesley, 2002).
  14. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon 1993).
  15. J. H. Simmons and K. S. Potter, Optical Materials (Academic, 2000).
  16. I. D. Nikolow and C. D. Ivanov, "Optical plastic refractive measurements in the visible and the near-infrared regions," Appl. Opt. 39, 2067-2070 (2000). [CrossRef]
  17. Schott North America Inc., B270 Superwhite Optical Properties.
  18. M. Debenham and G. D. Dew, "The refractive index of toluene in the visible spectral region," J. Phys. E 14, 544-545 (1981). [CrossRef]
  19. C. Wohlfarth and B. Wohlfarth, Optical Constants: Refractive Indices of Organic Liquids, M.D.Lechner, ed., Vol. 38, Pt. B of Landolt-Börnstein: Numerical Data and Functional Relationships in Science and Technology, New Series, Group III (Springer, 1996).
  20. T. Russ, R. Brenn, and M. Geoghegan, "Equilibrium swelling of polystyrene networks by linear polystyrene," Macromolecules 36, 127-141 (2003). [CrossRef]
  21. R. Toomey, D. Freidank, and J. Rühe, "Swelling behavior of thin, surface-attached polymer networks," Macromolecules 37, 882-887 (2004). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited