We present a superresolution image reconstruction from a sequence of aliased imagery. The subpixel shifts (displacement) among the images are unknown due to the uncontrolled natural jitter of the imager. A correlation method is utilized to estimate subpixel shifts between each low-resolution aliased image with respect to a reference image. An error-energy reduction algorithm is derived to reconstruct the high-resolution alias-free output image. The main feature of this proposed error-energy reduction algorithm is that we treat the spatial samples from low-resolution images that possess unknown and irregular (uncontrolled) subpixel shifts as a set of constraints to populate an oversampled (sampled above the desired output bandwidth) processing array. The estimated subpixel locations of these samples and their values constitute a spatial domain constraint. Furthermore, the bandwidth of the alias-free image (or the sensor imposed bandwidth) is the criterion used as a spatial frequency domain constraint on the oversampled processing array. The results of testing the proposed algorithm on the simulated low- resolution forward-looking infrared (FLIR) images, real-world FLIR images, and visible images are provided. A comparison of the proposed algorithm with a standard interpolation algorithm for processing the simulated low-resolution FLIR images is also provided.
© 2006 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: November 1, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: December 29, 2005
S. Susan Young and Ronald G. Driggers, "Superresolution image reconstruction from a sequence of aliased imagery," Appl. Opt. 45, 5073-5085 (2006)