An automated technique for adaptive radar polarimetric pattern classification is described. The approach is based on a genetic algorithm that uses a probabilistic pattern separation distance function and searches for those transmit and receive states of polarization sensing angles that optimize this function. Seven pattern separation distance functions—the Rayleigh quotient, the Bhattacharyya, divergence, Kolmogorov, Matusta, Kullback–Leibler distances, and the Bayesian probability of error—are used on real, fully polarimetric synthetic aperture radar target signatures. Each of these signatures is represented as functions of transmit and receive polarization ellipticity angles and the angle of polarization ellipse. The results indicate that, based on the majority of the distance functions used, there is a unique set of state of polarization angles whose use will lead to improved classification performance.
© 2006 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: November 1, 2005
Revised Manuscript: February 10, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: February 26, 2006
Firooz A. Sadjadi, "Adaptive polarimetric sensing for optimum radar signature classification using a genetic search algorithm," Appl. Opt. 45, 5677-5685 (2006)