OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 45, Iss. 22 — Aug. 1, 2006
  • pp: 5725–5732

Simultaneous measurement of temperature and chemicalspecies concentrations with a holographic interferometer and infrared absorption

Tadashi Konishi, Akihiko Ito, Yuji Kudo, Akira Narumi, Kozo Saito, John Baker, and Peter M. Struk  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 45, Issue 22, pp. 5725-5732 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1818 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



What is believed to be a new technique that allows for the simultaneous measurement of 2D temperature and chemical species concentration profiles with high spatial resolution and fast time response was developed and tested successfully by measuring a thin layer of fuel vapor created over a volatile fuel surface. Normal propanol was placed in an open-top rectangular container, and n-propanol fuel vapor was formed over the propanol surface in a quiescent laboratory environment. An IR beam with a wavelength of 8–13 μm emitted from a heated plate and a He–Ne laser beam with a wavelength of 632 nm were combined and passed through the n-propanol vapor layer, and both beams were absorbed by the vapor layer. The absorption of the IR beam was recorded by an IR camera, and the He–Ne laser was used to form a holographic interferogram. Two-dimensional temperature and propanol vapor concentration profiles were, respectively, determined by the IR absorption and the fringe pattern associated with the holographic interferogram. This new measurement technique is a significant improvement over the dual wavelength holographic interferometry that has been used previously to measure temperature and fuel concentration, and it is ready for application under different types of fire and flame conditions.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.2880) Holography : Holographic interferometry
(130.3060) Integrated optics : Infrared

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: September 16, 2005
Revised Manuscript: March 7, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: March 10, 2006

Tadashi Konishi, Akihiko Ito, Yuji Kudo, Akira Narumi, Kozo Saito, John Baker, and Peter M. Struk, "Simultaneous measurement of temperature and chemicalspecies concentrations with a holographic interferometer and infrared absorption," Appl. Opt. 45, 5725-5732 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. S. Usmani, Y. C. Chung, and J. L. Torero, "How did the WTC towers collapse: a new theory," Fire Safety J. 38, 501-533 (2003). [CrossRef]
  2. J. G. Quintiere, M. di Marzo, and R. Becker, "A suggested cause of the fire-induced collapse of the World Trade Towers," Fire Safety J. 37, 707-716 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. G. M. Makhviladze and S. E. Yakush, "Large-scale unconfined fires and explosions," in Proceedings of the Twenty-Ninth Symposium (International) on Combustion (The Combustion Institute, 2002), Vol. 29, pp. 313-320.
  4. C. K. Law and G. M. Faeth, "Opportunities and challenges of combustion in microgravity," Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 20, 65-113 (1994). [CrossRef]
  5. M. M. EI-Wakil and C. L. Jaeck, "A two-wave length interferometer for the study of heat and mass transfer," Trans. ASME , Ser. C: J. Heat Transfer 86, 464-470 (1964).
  6. J. P. Hartnett, T. F. Irvine, Jr., eds., Advances in Heat Transfer (Academic Press, 1970), Vol. 6, pp. 344-345.
  7. T. Kashiwagi, "Concentration measurements and mass transfer visualization by laser interferometry technique," Nagareno Kasika 7, 25-33 (1987) (in Japanese).
  8. C. M. Vest, Holographic Interferometry (Wiley, 1979), pp. 363-373.
  9. A. Ito, K. Saito, and T. Inamura, "Temperature structure of liquid phase in pool fires supported on water: implication to boilover phenomenon," J. Heat Transfer 114, 944-949 (1992). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Arakawa, K. Saito, and W. A. Gruver, "An automated infrared imaging temperature measurement: with application to upward flames spread studies," Combust. Flame 92, 222-230 (1993). [CrossRef]
  11. C. Qian, A. Arakawa, H. Ishida, K. Saito, and C. J. Cremers, "Temperature measurement by infrared images with application to fire research," in Proceedings of the Twenty-second International Conference on Thermal Conductivity, T.W.Tong, ed. (Technomic, 1994), pp. 973-984.
  12. C. Qian, H. Ishida, and K. Saito, "Upward flame spread along PMMA vertical corner walls, Part II," Combust. Flame 99, 331-338 (1994). [CrossRef]
  13. A. Ito, A. Narumi, T. Konishi, G. Tashtoush, K. Saito, and C. J. Cremers, "The measurement of transient two-dimensional profiles of velocity and fuel concentration over liquids," J. Heat Transfer 121, 413-419 (1999). [CrossRef]
  14. T. Konishi, A. Ito, and K. Saito, "Transient infrared temperature measurement of liquid-fuel surfaces: results of studies of flames spread over liquids," Appl. Opt. 39, 4278-4283 (2000). [CrossRef]
  15. T. Konishi, S. Naka, A. Ito, and K. Saito, "Transient two-dimensional fuel concentration measurement technique," Appl. Opt. 36, 8815-8819 (1997). [CrossRef]
  16. R. Siegel and J. R. Howell, Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer, 3rd ed. (Hemisphere, 2001), pp. 686-691.
  17. K. W. Beach, R. H. Muller, and C. W. Tobias, "Light-deflection effects in the interferometry of one-dimensional refractive-index field," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 559-566 (1973). [CrossRef]
  18. P. P. Sethna and D. Williams, "Optical constants of alcohols in the infrared," J. Phys. Chem. 83, 405-409 (1973). [CrossRef]
  19. M. F. Modest, Radiative Heat Transfer (McGraw-Hill, 1993) pp. 342-345.
  20. T. Konishi, "Flame spread over liquid fuels," Ph.D. dissertation (Oita University, 1998).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited