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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 45, Iss. 23 — Aug. 10, 2006
  • pp: 5795–5799

Optical characterization of ultrahigh diffraction efficiency gratings

A. Bunkowski, O. Burmeister, T. Clausnitzer, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 45, Issue 23, pp. 5795-5799 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.45.005795


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Abstract

We report on the optical characterization of an ultrahigh diffraction efficiency grating in a first-order Littrow configuration. The apparatus used was an optical cavity built from the grating under investigation and an additional high-reflection mirror. The measurement of the cavity finesse provided precise information about the grating's diffraction efficiency and its optical loss. We measured a finesse of 1580 from which we deduced a diffraction efficiency of ( 99.635 ± 0.016 ) % and an overall optical loss due to scattering and absorption of just 0.185 % . Such high-quality gratings, including the tool used for their characterization, might apply for future gravitational wave detectors. For example, the demonstrated cavity itself presents an all-reflective, low-loss Fabry–Perot resonator that might replace conventional arm cavities in advanced high-power Michelson interferometers.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(120.2230) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Fabry-Perot
(230.1360) Optical devices : Beam splitters

History
Original Manuscript: December 6, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: March 3, 2006

Citation
A. Bunkowski, O. Burmeister, T. Clausnitzer, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, "Optical characterization of ultrahigh diffraction efficiency gratings," Appl. Opt. 45, 5795-5799 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-45-23-5795


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