OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 45, Iss. 24 — Aug. 20, 2006
  • pp: 6263–6269

Dual-LED imaging for finger liveliness detection and its evaluation with replicas

Katsuki Tai, Etsuji Matsuyama, Masashi Kurita, and Ichiro Fujieda  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 45, Issue 24, pp. 6263-6269 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (274 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Unattended fingerprint identification systems need to reject input attempts by a replica. Previously, we proposed detecting the color changes of a finger during an input action as a signature of liveliness. To improve its reliability, a dual-LED imaging system is investigated. It employs two LEDs with peak emissions at 530 and 630   nm to cover the spectral ranges where live fingers show characteristic changes. Using nine types of replicas and the live fingers of 42 participants, we have recorded and analyzed 153 input trials. The two groups of data are successfully separated by some defined criteria.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.0110) Imaging systems : Imaging systems
(110.2960) Imaging systems : Image analysis
(110.2970) Imaging systems : Image detection systems
(170.0110) Medical optics and biotechnology : Imaging systems

Original Manuscript: November 4, 2005
Revised Manuscript: February 26, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: March 21, 2006

Virtual Issues
Vol. 1, Iss. 9 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Katsuki Tai, Etsuji Matsuyama, Masashi Kurita, and Ichiro Fujieda, "Dual-LED imaging for finger liveliness detection and its evaluation with replicas," Appl. Opt. 45, 6263-6269 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. T. van der Putte and J. Keuning, "Biometrical fingerprint recognition: don't get your finger burned," inProceedings of the Fourth Working Conference on Smart Card Research and Advanced Applications (Kluwer Academic, 2000), pp. 289-303.
  2. K. Yamada, H. Matsumoto, and T. Matsumoto, "Can we make artificial fingers that fool fingerprint systems?" part 3, inThe 2001 Symposium on Cryptography and Information Security, Oiso, Japan (23-26 January 2001).
  3. L. Thalheim, J. Krissler, and P.-M. Ziegler, "Body check," translated by Robert W. Smith, http://www.heise.de/ct/english/02/11/114/.
  4. K. A. Nixon and R. K. Rowe, "Multispectral fingerprint imaging for spoof detection," in Biometric Technology for Human Identification II, A.K.Jain and N.K.Ratha, eds., Proc. SPIE 5779,214-225 (2005).
  5. I. Fujieda, E. Matsuyama, and M. Kurita, "Signatures of live fingers extracted from a series of fingerprint images," in Sensors and Camera Systems for Scientific and Industrial Applications VI, M.M.Blouke, ed., Proc. SPIE 5677,177-185 (2005).
  6. I. Fujieda and H. Haga, "Fingerprint input based on scattered light detection," Appl. Opt. 36, 9152-9156 (1997). [CrossRef]
  7. K. Tai, M. Kurita, and I. Fujieda, "Recognition of living fingers with a sensor based on scattered-light detection," Appl. Opt. 45, 419-424 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Kurita, K. Tai, and I. Fujieda, "Multi-spectral imaging of fingerprints for secure biometric systems," in Proceedings of the IS&T/SID, 13th Color Imaging Conference (Society for Imaging Science and Technology, 2005), pp. 251-255.
  9. I. Fujieda, K. Tai, E. Matsuyama, and M. Kurita, "Dual-LED imaging system for secure fingerprint identification," in Optomechatronic Technologies (ISOT 2005) Proc. SPIE 6049,60490B-1-60490B-9 (2005).
  10. M. Kobayashi, "Color reproduction/color management/color appearance," J. Color Sci. Assoc. Jpn. 26, 18-29 (2002), in Japanese.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited