OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 45, Iss. 26 — Sep. 10, 2006
  • pp: 6762–6774

Validation of a vector version of the 6S radiative transfer code for atmospheric correction of satellite data. Part I: Path radiance

Svetlana Y. Kotchenova, Eric F. Vermote, Raffaella Matarrese, and Frank J. Klemm, Jr.  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 45, Issue 26, pp. 6762-6774 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.45.006762


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (418 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A vector version of the 6S (Second Simulation of a Satellite Signal in the Solar Spectrum) radiative transfer code (6SV1), which enables accounting for radiation polarization, has been developed and validated against a Monte Carlo code, Coulson's tabulated values, and MOBY (Marine Optical Buoy System) water-leaving reflectance measurements. The developed code was also tested against the scalar codes SHARM, DISORT, and MODTRAN to evaluate its performance in scalar mode and the influence of polarization. The obtained results have shown a good agreement of 0.7 % in comparison with the Monte Carlo code, 0.2 % for Coulson's tabulated values, and 0.001–0.002 for the 400 550  nm region for the MOBY reflectances. Ignoring the effects of polarization led to large errors in calculated top-of-atmosphere reflectances: more than 10 % for a molecular atmosphere and up to 5 % for an aerosol atmosphere. This new version of 6S is intended to replace the previous scalar version used for calculation of lookup tables in the MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) atmospheric correction algorithm.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1300) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric propagation
(010.1310) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric scattering
(010.1320) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric transmittance
(120.0280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Remote sensing and sensors
(280.1310) Remote sensing and sensors : Atmospheric scattering
(290.4210) Scattering : Multiple scattering

History
Original Manuscript: January 3, 2006
Revised Manuscript: April 12, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: April 14, 2006

Citation
Svetlana Y. Kotchenova, Eric F. Vermote, Raffaella Matarrese, and Frank J. Klemm, Jr., "Validation of a vector version of the 6S radiative transfer code for atmospheric correction of satellite data. Part I: Path radiance," Appl. Opt. 45, 6762-6774 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-45-26-6762


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. K.-N. Liou, An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation (Academic, 1980).
  2. J. E. Hansen and L. D. Travis, "Light scattering in planetary atmospheres," Space Sci. Rev. 16, 527-610 (1974). [CrossRef]
  3. J. W. Hovenier, C. van der Mee, and H. Domke, Transfer of Polarized Light in Planetary Atmospheres: Basic Concepts and Practical Methods (Kluwer Academic, 2004).
  4. K. Stamnes, S. C. Tsay, W. Wiscombe, and K. Jayaweera, "Numerically stable algorithm for discrete-ordinate method radiative transfer in multiple scattering and emitting layered media," Appl. Opt. 27, 2502-2509 (1988).
  5. K. Stamnes, S. C. Tsay, W. Wiscombe, and I. Laszlo, "DISORT, a general-purpose FORTRAN program for Discrete-Ordinate-Method radiative transfer in scattering and emitting layered media: documentation of methodology, version 1.1," (March, 2000), available as DISORTReport1.1.pdf at ftp://climate1.gsfc.nasa.gov/wiscombe/MultiplelowbarScatt/.
  6. A. Berk, L. S. Bernstein, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, D. C. Robertson, J. H. Chetwynd, and S. M. Adler-Golden, "MODTRAN cloud and multiple scattering upgrades with application to AVIRIS," Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 367-375 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Lyapustin, "Radiative transfer code SHARM-3D for radiance simulations over a non-Lambertian nonhomogeneous surface: intercomparison study," Appl. Opt. 41, 5607-5615 (2002).
  8. J.-L. Roujean, M. Leroy, and P.-Y. Dechamps, "A bidirectional reflectance model of the Earth's surface for the correction of remote sensing data," J. Geophys. Res. 97D, 20455-20468 (1992).
  9. A. Lyapustin, D. L. Williams, B. Markham, J. Irons, B. Holben, and Y. Wang, "A method for unbiased high-resolution aerosol retrieval from Landsat," J. Atmos. Sci. 61, 1233-1244 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. H. C. van de Hulst, Multiple Light Scattering (Academic, 1980).
  11. M. I. Mishchenko, A. A. Lacis, and L. D. Travis, "Errors induced by the neglect of polarization in radiance calculations for Rayleigh-scattering atmospheres," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 51, 491-510 (1994). [CrossRef]
  12. A. A. Lacis, J. Chowdhary, M. I. Mishchenko, and B. Cairns, "Modeling errors in diffuse-sky radiation: vector versus scalar treatment," J. Geophys. Res. 25, 135-138 (1998).
  13. D. J. Diner, W. A. Abdou, H. R. Gordon, R. A. Kahn, Y. Knyazikhin, J. V. Martonchik, D. McDonald, S. McMuldroch, R. Myneni, and R. A. West, MISR Level 2 Ancillary Products and Datasets Algorithm Theoretical Basis, NASA EOS-MISR Document JPL D-13402, Rev. B (NASA JPL, 1999).
  14. F. F. Evans and G. L. Stephens, "A new polarized atmospheric radiative transfer model," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 5, 413-423 (1991). [CrossRef]
  15. F.-M Bréon, "Reflectance of broken cloud fields: simulation and parameterization," J. Atmos. Sci. 49, 1221-1232 (1992). [CrossRef]
  16. M. I. Mishchenko and L. D. Travis, "Satellite retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using polarization as well as intensity of reflected sunlight," J. Geophys. Res. 102(D14), 16989-17013 (1997). [CrossRef]
  17. M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, R. Burg, Y. J. Kaufman, J. V. Martins, and E. P. Shettle, "Monitoring of aerosol forcing of climate from space: analysis of measurements requirements," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 149-161 (2004). [CrossRef]
  18. H. R. Gordon and D. J. Castaño, "Coastal zone color scanner atmospheric correction algorithm: multiple scattering effects," Appl. Opt. 26, 2111-2122 (1987).
  19. Y. Wang, Y. Tian, Y. Zhang, N. El-Saleous, Y. Knyazikhin, E. Vermote, and R. B. Myneni, "Investigation of product accuracy as a function of input and model uncertainties: case study with SeaWiFS and MODIS LAI/FPAR algorithm," Remote Sens. Environ. 78, 299-313 (2001). [CrossRef]
  20. F. A. Heinsch, M. Reeves, C. F. Bowker, P. Votava, S. Kang, C. Milesi, M. Zhao, J. Galssy, W. M. Jolly, J. S. Kimball, R. R. Nemani, and S. W. Running, "User's Guide, GPP and NPP (MOD17A2/A3), NASA MODIS Land Algorithm, Version 1.2," www.ntsg.umt.edu/modis/MOD17UsersGuide.pdf (2003).
  21. E. F. Vermote, N. Z. El Saleous, C. O. Justice, Y. J. Kaufman, J. Privette, L. Remer, J.-C. Roger, and D. Tanré, "Atmospheric correction of visible to middle infrared EOS-MODIS data over land surface, background, operational algorithm and validation," J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17131-17141 (1997). [CrossRef]
  22. E. F. Vermote, N. Z. El Saleous, and C. O. Justice, "Atmospheric correction of MODIS data in the visible to middle infrared: first results," Remote Sens. Environ. 83, 97-111 (2002). [CrossRef]
  23. E. F. Vermote, D. Tanré, J. L. Deuzé, M. Herman, and J. J. Morcrette, "Second simulation of the satellite signal in the solar spectrum, 6S: an overview," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 35, 675-686 (1997). [CrossRef]
  24. K. L. Coulson, J. V. Dave, and Z. Sekera, Tables Related to Radiation Emerging from a Planetary Atmosphere with Rayleigh Scattering (U. California Press, 1960).
  25. J. E. Hansen, "Circular polarization of sunlight reflected by clouds," J. Atmos. Sci. 28, 1515-1516 (1971). [CrossRef]
  26. J.Lenoble, ed., Radiative Transfer in Scattering and Absorbing Atmospheres: Standard Computational Procedures (A. Deepak Publishing, 1985).
  27. S. Chandrasekhar, "Foreword," inTables Related to Radiation Emerging from a Planetary Atmosphere with Rayleigh Scattering, K.L.Coulson, J.V.Dave, and Z.Sekera, (U. of California Press, 1960).
  28. T. Z. Muldashev, A. I. Lyapustin, and U. M. Sultangazin, "Spherical harmonics method in the problem of radiative transfer in the atmosphere-surface system," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 61, 393-404 (1998). [CrossRef]
  29. K. F. Evans, "The spherical harmonics discrete ordinate method for three-dimensional atmospheric radiative transfer," J. Atmos. Sci. 55, 429-446 (1998). [CrossRef]
  30. A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, L. S. Bernstein, P. K. Acharya, H. Dothe, M. W. Matthew, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. H. Chetwynd, Jr., S. C. Richtsmeier, B. Pukall, C. L. Allred, L. S. Jeong, and M. L. Hoke, "MODTRAN4 radiative transfer modeling for atmospheric correction," in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research III,Proc. SPIE 3756, 348-353 (1999). [CrossRef]
  31. P. K. Acharya, A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, N. F. Larsen, S.-C. Tsay, and K. H. Stamnes, "MODTRAN4: multiple scattering and bi-directional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) upgrades to MODTRAN," in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research III,Proc. SPIE 3756, 354-362 (1999). [CrossRef]
  32. G. A. d'Almeida, P. Koepke, and E. P. Shettle, Atmospheric Aerosols: Global Climatology and Radiative Characteristics (A. Deepak Publishing, 1991).
  33. D. Toublanc, "Henyey-Greenstein and Mie phase functions in Monte Carlo radiative transfer computations," Appl. Opt. 35, 3270-3274 (1996).
  34. O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smimov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, "Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 590-608 (2002). [CrossRef]
  35. F.-M. Bréon, J.-L. Deuzé, D. Tanré, and M. Herman, "Validation of spaceborne estimates of aerosol loading from Sun photometer measurements with emphasis on polarization," J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17187-17196 (1997). [CrossRef]
  36. M. Herman, J.-L. Deuzé, C. Devaux, P. Goloub, F.-M. Bréon, and D. Tanré, "Remote sensing of aerosols over land surfaces including polarization measurements and application to POLDER measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17039-17050 (1997). [CrossRef]
  37. D. Clark, MOBY principal investigator, Ocean Science Team Member (personal communication), http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/scilowbarteam/directory/.
  38. D. K. Clark, M. E. Feinholz, M. A. Yarbrough, B. C. Johnson, S. W. Brown, Y. S. Kim, and R. A. Barnes, "An overview of the radiometric calibration of MOBY," in Earth Observing Systems VI, Proc. SPIE 4483, 64-76 (2002).
  39. O. Dubovik and M. D. King, "A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from Sun and sky radiance measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 105, 20673-20696 (2000).
  40. P. Koepke, "Effective reflectance of oceanic whitecaps," Appl. Opt. 23, 1816-1824 (1984).
  41. D. Tanre, M. Herman, and P. Y. Deschamps, "Influence of the atmosphere on space measurements of directional properties," Appl. Opt. 22, 733-741 (1983).
  42. G. Meister, E. J. Kwiatkowska, B. A. Franz, F. S. Patt, G. C. Feldman, and C. R. McClain, "Moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer ocean color polarization correction," Appl. Opt. 44, 5524-5535 (2005). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited