OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 45, Iss. 27 — Sep. 20, 2006
  • pp: 6910–6913

Diffracted wavefront measurement of a volume phase holographic grating at cryogenic temperature

Pierre-Alexandre Blanche, Serge Habraken, Philippe Lemaire, and Claude Jamar  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 45, Issue 27, pp. 6910-6913 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.45.006910


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (433 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Flatness of the wavefront diffracted by grating can be mandatory for some applications. At ambient temperature, the wavefront diffracted by a volume phase holographic grating (VPHG) is well mastered by the manufacturing process and can be corrected or shaped by postpolishing. However, to be used in cooled infrared spectrometers, VPHGs have to stand and work properly at low temperatures. We present the measurement of the wavefront diffracted by a typical VPHG at various temperatures down to 150 K and at several thermal inhomogeneity amplitudes. The particular grating observed was produced using a dichromated gelatine technique and encapsulated between two glass blanks. Diffracted wavefront measurements show that the wavefront is extremely stable according to the temperature as long as the latter is homogeneous over the grating stack volume. Increasing the thermal inhomogeneity increases the wavefront error that pinpoints the importance of the final instrument thermal design. This concludes the dichromated gelatine VPHG technology, used more and more in visible spectrometers, can be applied as it is to cooled IR spectrometers.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.0050) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction and gratings
(050.7330) Diffraction and gratings : Volume gratings
(090.7330) Holography : Volume gratings
(120.6200) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Spectrometers and spectroscopic instrumentation
(120.6810) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Thermal effects

History
Original Manuscript: February 14, 2006
Revised Manuscript: May 2, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: May 8, 2006

Citation
Pierre-Alexandre Blanche, Serge Habraken, Philippe Lemaire, and Claude Jamar, "Diffracted wavefront measurement of a volume phase holographic grating at cryogenic temperature," Appl. Opt. 45, 6910-6913 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-45-27-6910


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. A. Arns, W. S. Colburn, and S. C. Barden, "Volume phase holographic gratings at ESO," in Current Developments in Optical Design and Optical Engineering VIII, R. E. Fischer and W. J. Smith, eds., Proc. SPIE 3779, 313-323 (1999). [CrossRef]
  2. G. J. Monnet, H. Dekker, and G. Rupprecht, "Volume phase gratings for spectroscopy, ultrafast laser compressor, and wavelength division multiplexing," in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques, Remote Sensing, and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research IV, A. M. Larar and M. G. Mlynczak, eds., Proc. SPIE 4485, 439-444 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. G. J. Hill, M. J. Wolf, J. R. Tufts, and E. C. Smith, "Volume phase holographic (VPH) grisms for infrared and optical spectrographs," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, eds., Proc. SPIE 4842, 1-9 (2002). [CrossRef]
  4. H. Kogelnik, "Coupled-wave theory of thick hologram gratings," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909-2947 (1969).
  5. S. C. Barden, J. A. Arns, and W. S. Colburn, "Volume-phase holographic gratings and their potential for astronomical applications," in Optical Astronomical Instrumentation, S. D'Odorico, ed., Proc. SPIE 3355, 866-876 (1998). [CrossRef]
  6. H. M. Smith, ed., Holographic Recording Materials (Springer-Verlag, 1977), Vol. 20.
  7. P.-A. Blanche, S. I. Habraken, P. C. Lemaire, and C. A. Jamar, "Large-scale DCG transmission holographic gratings for astronomy," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, eds., Proc. SPIE 4842, 31-38 (2002). [CrossRef]
  8. P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Mosaiced and high line frequency VPH gratings for astronomy," in Optical Fabrication, Metrology, and Material Advancements for Telescopes, E. Atad-Ettedgui and P. Dierickx, eds., Proc. SPIE 5494, 208-216 (2004). [CrossRef]
  9. P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Volume phase holographic gratings: large size and high diffraction efficiency," Opt. Eng. 43, 2603-2612 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. N. Tamura, G. J. Murray, P. Luke, C. Blackburn, D. J. Robertson, N. A. Dipper, R. M. Sharples, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Cryogenic tests of volume-phase holographic gratings I. Results at 200 K," Exp. Astron. 15, 1-12 (2003). [CrossRef]
  11. S. Blais-Ouellette, D. Guzman, A. Elgamil, and R. Rallison, "Cryogenic VPH gratings for CELT/TMT," in Optical Fabrication, Metrology, and Material Advancements for Telescopes, E. Atad-Ettedgui and P. Dierickx, eds., Proc. SPIE 5494, 278-284 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. A. Bianco, E. Molinari, P. Conconi, G. Crimi, E. Giro, C. Pernechele, and F. M. Zerbi, "VPHG in the cold," in Specialized Optical Developments in Astronomy, E. Atad-Ettedgui and S. D'Odorico, ed., Proc. SPIE 4842, 22-30 (2002).
  13. N. Tamura, G. J. Murray, P. Luke, C. Blackburn, D. J. Robertson, N. A. Dipper, R. M. Sharples, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Cryogenic tests of volume-phase holographic gratings: results at 100 K," Appl. Opt. 45, 5923-5928 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. P.-A. Blanche, P. Gailly, S. Habraken, P. Lemaire, and C. Jamar, "Post-polishing volume phase holographic gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).
  15. T. A. Shankoff, "Phase holograms in dichromated gelatin," Appl. Opt. 7, 2101-2105 (1968). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited