OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 45, Iss. 27 — Sep. 20, 2006
  • pp: 7118–7125

Numerical analysis and experimental results of high-power Er∕Pr:ZBLAN 2.7 μm fiber lasers with different pumping designs

Xiushan Zhu and Ravi Jain  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 45, Issue 27, pp. 7118-7125 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.45.007118


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (373 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Gain factor and output performance of erbium–praseodymium codoped ZBLAN double-clad fiber lasers at 2.7 μm with different pumping designs were calculated and analyzed. Single-end backward pumping with a highly reflective mirror butted against one fiber end and dual-end pumping with Fresnel reflections from both fiber ends were found to be the most efficient pumping designs. Ten-watt-level Er∕Pr:ZBLAN fiber lasers proved to be achievable with recent diode laser and ZBLAN fiber technologies. Their corresponding optimum fiber lengths for different pumping configurations were determined. It was also found that fiber lasers with a flat evolution of gain factor can obtain the largest output power. Experimental results of 4 m and 12 m fiber lasers showed very good agreement with simulation results.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2320) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics amplifiers and oscillators
(060.2390) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics, infrared
(060.2410) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, erbium
(140.3070) Lasers and laser optics : Infrared and far-infrared lasers
(140.3480) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, diode-pumped
(140.3500) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, erbium
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber

History
Original Manuscript: January 26, 2006
Revised Manuscript: June 5, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: June 5, 2006

Citation
Xiushan Zhu and Ravi Jain, "Numerical analysis and experimental results of high-power Er/Pr:ZBLAN 2.7 μm fiber lasers with different pumping designs," Appl. Opt. 45, 7118-7125 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-45-27-7118


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. S. Eng, J. F. Butler, and K. J. Linden, "Tunable diode laser spectroscopy:an invited view," Opt. Eng. 19, 945-960 (1980).
  2. P. Werle, F. Slemr, K. Maurer, R. Kormann, R. Mucke, and B. Janker, "Near- and mid-infrared laser-optical sensors for gas analysis," Opt. Laser Eng. 37, 104-114 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. K. F. Gibson and W. G. Kernohan, "Lasers in medicine:a review," J. Med. Eng. Technol. 17, 51-57 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R. Kaufmann, A. Hartmann, and R. Hibst, "Cutting and skin-ablative properties of pulsed mid-infrared laser surgery," J. Derm. Surg. Oncol. 20, 112-118 (1994).
  5. S. D. Jackson and A. Lauto, "Diode-pumped fiber lasers:a new clinical tool?" Laser Surg. Med. 30, 184-190 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. R. S. Quimby and W. J. Miniscalco, "Continuous-wave lasing on a self-terminating transition," Appl. Opt. 28, 14-16 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Bedo, M. Pollnau, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, "Saturation of the 2.71 μm laser output in erbium-doped ZBLAN fibers," Opt. Commun. 116, 81-86 (1995). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Y. Allan, M. Monerie, and H. Poigant, "Energy transfer in Er3+/Pr3+-doped fluoride glass fibers and applications to lasing at 2.7 μm," Electron. Lett. 27, 445-447 (1991). [CrossRef]
  9. E. Poppe, B. Srinivasan, and R. K. Jain, "980 nm diode-pumped continuous wave mid-IR (2.7 μm) fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 34, 2331-2333 (1998). [CrossRef]
  10. B. Srinivasan, E. Poppe, J. Tafoya, and R. K. Jain, "High-power (400 mW) diode-pumped 2.7 μm Er:ZBLAN fiber lasers using enhanced Er-Er cross-relaxation processes," Electron. Lett. 35, 1338-1340 (1999). [CrossRef]
  11. M. Pollnau, P. Spring, Ch. Ghisler, S. Wittwer, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, "Efficiency of erbium 3-μm crystal and fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 32, 657 (1996). [CrossRef]
  12. M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisle, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, "150 mW unsaturated output power at 3 μm from a single-mode-fiber erbium cascade laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564-3566 (1995). [CrossRef]
  13. M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, "Cross sections of excited-state absorption at 800 nm in erbium-doped ZBLAN fiber," Appl. Phys. B 67, 23-28 (1998). [CrossRef]
  14. B. Srinivasan, J. Tafoya, and R. K. Jain, "High-power "watt-level" cw operation of diode-pumped 2.7 μm fiber lasers using efficient cross-relaxation and energy transfer mechanisms," Opt. Express 4, 490-495 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, "Diode-pumped 1.7-W erbium 3-μm fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 24, 1133-1135 (1999). [CrossRef]
  16. N. J. C. Libatique, J. D. Tafoya, S. H. Feng, D. J. Mirell, and R. K. Jain, "A compact diode-pumped passively Q-switched mid-IR fiber laser," in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 34 of Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 417-419.
  17. N. J. C. Libatique, J. Tafoya, N. K. Viswanathan, R. K. Jain, and A. Cable, "'Field-usable' diode-pumped ∼120 nm wavelength-tunable cw mid-IR fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 36, 791-792 (2000). [CrossRef]
  18. B. Srinivasan, G. Monnom, and R. K. Jain, "Indirect measurement of the magnitude of ion clustering at high doping densities in Er:ZBLAN fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 178-181 (2000). [CrossRef]
  19. S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, "Efficient high power operation of erbium 3 μm fiber laser diode-pumped at 975 nm," Electron. Lett. 36, 223-224 (2000). [CrossRef]
  20. B. C. Dickson, P. S. Golding, M. Pollnau, T. A. King, and S. D. Jackson, "Investigation of a 791-nm pulsed-pumped 2.7-μm Er-doped ZBLAN fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 191, 315-321 (2001). [CrossRef]
  21. M. Pollnau and S. D. Jackson, "Erbium 3-μm fiber lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 30-40 (2001). [CrossRef]
  22. M. Pollnau and S. D. Jackson, "Energy recycling versus lifetime quenching in erbium-doped 3-μm fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 38, 162-169 (2002). [CrossRef]
  23. S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, "Modeling of high-power diode-pumped erbium 3 μm fiber lasers," J. Mod. Opt. 47, 1987-1994 (2000). [CrossRef]
  24. Y. Jeong and J. K. Sahu, "Ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser with 1.36 kW continuous-wave output power," Opt. Express 12, 6088-6092 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. W. W. Rigrod, "Saturation effects in high-gain lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 36, 2487-2490 (1965). [CrossRef]
  26. M. J. F. Digonnet, "Theory of superfluorescent fiber lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1631-1639 (1985).
  27. W. A. Clarkson and D. C. Hanna, "Two-mirror beam-shaping technique for high-power diode bars," Opt. Lett. 21, 375-377 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. J. Xu, J. Lu, G. Kumar, J. Lu, and K. Ueda, "A non-fused fiber coupler for side-pumping of double-clad fiber lasers," Opt. Commun. 220, 389-395 (2003). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited