OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 45, Iss. 28 — Oct. 1, 2006
  • pp: 7224–7234

Statistical adaptive sensing by detectors with spectrally overlapping bands

Ünal Sakoğlu, Majeed M. Hayat, J. Scott Tyo, Philip Dowd, Senthil Annamalai, Kalyan T. Posani, and Sanjay Krishna  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 45, Issue 28, pp. 7224-7234 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.45.007224


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (264 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

It has recently been reported that by using a spectral-tuning algorithm, the photocurrents of multiple detectors with spectrally overlapping responsivities can be optimally combined to synthesize, within certain limits, the response of a detector with an arbitrary responsivity. However, it is known that the presence of noise in the photocurrent can degrade the performance of this algorithm significantly, depending on the choice of the responsivity spectrum to be synthesized. We generalize this algorithm to accommodate noise. The results are applied to quantum-dot mid-infrared detectors with bias-dependent spectral responses. Simulation and experiment are used to show the ability of the algorithm to reduce the adverse effect of noise on its spectral-tuning capability.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(020.6580) Atomic and molecular physics : Stark effect
(040.0040) Detectors : Detectors
(040.3060) Detectors : Infrared
(040.5570) Detectors : Quantum detectors
(160.6000) Materials : Semiconductor materials
(280.0280) Remote sensing and sensors : Remote sensing and sensors

ToC Category:
Holography

History
Original Manuscript: January 13, 2006
Revised Manuscript: May 17, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: May 17, 2006

Citation
Ünal Sakoglu, Majeed M. Hayat, J. Scott Tyo, Philip Dowd, Senthil Annamalai, Kalyan T. Posani, and Sanjay Krishna, "Statistical adaptive sensing by detectors with spectrally overlapping bands," Appl. Opt. 45, 7224-7234 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-45-28-7224


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. G. Vane and A. F. H. Goetz, "Terrestrial imaging spectroscopy," Remote Sens. Environ. 24, 1-29 (1988). [CrossRef]
  2. G. Vane, R. Green, T. Chrien, H. Enmark, E. Hansen, and W. Porter, "The airborne visible infrared imaging spectrometer," Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 127-143 (1993). [CrossRef]
  3. R. W. Basedow, D. C. Carmer, and M. E. Anderson, "HYDICE system: implementation and performance," in Imaging Spectrometry V, M. R. Descour, J. M. Mooney, D. L. Perry, and L. R. Illing, eds., Proc. SPIE 2480, 258-267 (1995). [CrossRef]
  4. T. H. Barnes, "Photodiode array Fourier transform spectrometer with improved dynamic range," Appl. Opt. 24, 3702-3706 (1985).
  5. G. B. Rafert, R. G. Sellar, and L. J. Otten III, "An interactive performance model for spatially modulated Fourier transform spectrometers," in Imaging Spectrometry, M. R. Descour, J. M. Mooney, D. L. Perry, and L. R. Illing, eds., Proc. SPIE 2480, 410-417 (1995). [CrossRef]
  6. L. J. Otten III, G. B. Rafert, and R. G. Sellar, "The design of an airborne Fourier transform visible hyperspectral imaging system for light aircraft environmental remote sensing," in Imaging Spectrometry, M. R. Descour, J. M. Mooney, D. L. Perry, and L. R. Illing, eds., Proc. SPIE 2480, 418-424 (1995). [CrossRef]
  7. L. J. Otten III, A. D. Meigs, A. Franklin, R. D. Sears, M. W. Robinson, J. B. Rafert, and D. S. Fronterhouse, "On board spectral imager data processor," in Imaging Spectrometry V, M. R. Descour and S. S. Shen, eds., Proc. SPIE 3753, 86-94 (1995).
  8. J. S. Tyo and T. S. Turner, "Variable retardance, Fourier transform imaging spectropolarimeters for visible spectrum remote sensing," Appl. Opt. 40, 1450-1458 (2001).
  9. W. R. Bell, "Multispectral Thermal Imager--overview," in Algorithms for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery VII, S. S. Shen and M. R. Descour, eds., Proc. SPIE 4381, 173-183 (2001). [CrossRef]
  10. U. Sakoglu, J. S. Tyo, M. M. Hayat, S. Raghavan, and S. Krishna, "Spectrally adaptive infrared photodetectors with bias-tunable quantum dots," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 7-17 (2004). [CrossRef]
  11. H. J. Caulfield, "Artificial color," Neurocomputing 51, 463-465 (2003). [CrossRef]
  12. P. Bhattacharya, S. Krishna, J. D. Phillips, D. Klotzkin, and P. J. McCann, "Quantum dot carrier dynamics and far infrared devices," in Optoelectronics Materials and Devices II, Y.-K. Su and P. Bhattacharya, eds., Proc. SPIE 4078, 84-89 (2000). [CrossRef]
  13. P. Bhattacharya, S. Krishna, J. Phillips, P. J. McCann, and K. Namjou, "Carrier dynamics in self-organized quantum dots and their application to long-wavelength sources and detectors," J. Cryst. Growth 227, 27-35 (2001). [CrossRef]
  14. S. Krishna, P. Rotella, S. Raghavan, A. Stintz, M. M. Hayat, J. S. Tyo, and S. W. Kennerly, "Bias-dependent tunable response of normal incidence long wave infrared quantum-dot photodetectors," in Proceedings of the IEEE/LEOS Annual Meeting (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2002) Vol. 2, pp. 754-755.
  15. S. Krishna, "Quantum dots-in-a-well infrared photodetectors," J. Phys. D 38, 2142-2150 (2005). [CrossRef]
  16. U. Sakoglu, Z. Wang, M. M. Hayat, J. S. Tyo, S. Annamalai, P. Dowd, and S. Krishna, "Quantum dot detectors for infrared sensing: bias-controlled spectral tuning and matched filtering," in Nanosensing: Materials and Devices, M. Saif Islam and A. K. Dutta, eds., Proc. SPIE 5593, 396-407 (2004). [CrossRef]
  17. Z. Wang, U. Sakoglu, S. Annamalai, N.-R. Weisse-Bernstein, P. Dowd, J. S. Tyo, M. M. Hayat, and S. Krishna, "Real-time implementation of spectral matched filtering algorithms using adaptive focal plane array technology," in Imaging Spectrometry X, A. G. Tescher, ed., Proc. SPIE 5546, 73-83 (2004).
  18. Z. Wang, B. Paskaleva, J. S. Tyo, and M. M. Hayat, "Canonical correlations analysis for assessing the performance of adaptive spectral imagers," in Defense and Security Symposium, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XI, S. S. Shen and P. E. Lewis, eds., Proc. SPIE 5806, 23-34 (2005). [CrossRef]
  19. Z. Wang, B. Paskaleva, M. M. Hayat, and J. S. Tyo, "Analyzing spectral sensors with highly overlapping bands," presented at the Twelfth SPIE Defense and Security Symposium on Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery, Orlando, Fla., 18-20 April 2006.
  20. B. Paskaleva, M. M. Hayat, M. M. Moya, and R. J. Fogler, "Multispectral rock type separation and classification," in Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing XII, M. Strojnik, ed., Proc. SPIE 5543, 152-163 (2004).
  21. B. Paskaleva and M. M. Hayat, "Optimized algorithm for spectral band selection for rock-type classification," in Defense and Security Symposium, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XI, S. S. Shen and P. E. Lewis, eds., Proc. SPIE 5806, 131-138 (2005). [CrossRef]
  22. B. Paskaleva, M. M. Hayat, S. Tyo, Z. Wang, and M. Martinez, "Feature selection for spectral sensors with overlapping noisy spectral bands," presented at the Twelfth SPIE Defense and Security Symposium on Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery, Orlando, Fla., 18-20 April 2006.
  23. V. Ryzhii, "Physical model and analysis of quantum-dot infrared photodetectors with blocking layer," J. Appl. Phys. 89, 5117-5124 (2001). [CrossRef]
  24. P. Bhattacharya, Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices, 2nd ed. (Prentice-Hall, 1996).
  25. E. L. Dereniak and G. D. Boreman, Infrared Detectors and Systems (Wiley, 1996).
  26. H. Stark and J. Woods, Probability and Random Processes with Applications to Signal Processing, 3rd ed. (Prentice-Hall, 2002).
  27. S. Krishna, D. Forman, S. Annamalai, P. Dowd, P. Varangis, T. Tumolillo, Jr., A. Gray, J. Zilko, K. Sun, M. Liu, J. Campbell, and D. Carothers, "Demonstration of a 320 × 256 two-color focal plane array using InAs/InGaAs quantum dots in well detectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 193501-3 (2005). [CrossRef]
  28. B. F. Levine, "Quantum-well infrared photodetectors," J. Appl. Phys. 74, R1-R81 (1993). [CrossRef]
  29. J. Phillips, P. Bhattacharya, S. W. Kennerly, D. W. Beekman, and M. Dutta, "Self-assembled InAs-GaAs quantum-dot intersubband detectors," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 936-942 (1999). [CrossRef]
  30. F. F. Sabins, Remote Sensing: Principles and Interpretation, 3rd ed. (Freeman, 1997).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited