OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 45, Iss. 28 — Oct. 1, 2006
  • pp: 7498–7503

Optical sensors based on III-nitride photodetectors for flame sensing and combustion monitoring

Jose Luis Pau, Javier Anduaga, Carlos Rivera, Álvaro Navarro, Isabel Álava, Marcos Redondo, and Elías Muñoz  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 45, Issue 28, pp. 7498-7503 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.45.007498


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (434 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Combustion control requires visible photodetectors to sense the CH * CL emission at 430 nm that combined with a visible–blind UV photodetector allows us to obtain the OH * CH * ratio. UV–visible P-InGaN∕GaN multiple quantum well-N photodiodes with 15 18 mm 2 areas were fabricated to conduct OH * ( 308 nm ) and CH * CL detection without external filters. Bandpass detectors at 230 390 nm and 360 450 nm presented linear responses over five decades and rejection ratios > 10 3 at 430 and 308 nm , respectively. A full optical sensor system was built and detectors operated at 120 °C in a combustion chamber, showing linear responses within the dynamic range, maximum signal-to-noise ratios of 10 3 and response times of < 1 s . An exponential association dependence between the optical OH * CH * CL signals and the gas∕air ratios was found.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(040.5160) Detectors : Photodetectors
(120.1740) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Combustion diagnostics
(160.6000) Materials : Semiconductor materials
(230.5590) Optical devices : Quantum-well, -wire and -dot devices

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

History
Original Manuscript: December 9, 2005
Revised Manuscript: May 16, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: May 22, 2006

Citation
Jose Luis Pau, Javier Anduaga, Carlos Rivera, Álvaro Navarro, Isabel Álava, Marcos Redondo, and Elías Muñoz, "Optical sensors based on III-nitride photodetectors for flame sensing and combustion monitoring," Appl. Opt. 45, 7498-7503 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-45-28-7498


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. T. Pichery, "Les détecteurs de gaz domestiques par méthode optique," GAZ d'aujourd'hui 6, 271-274 (1996).
  2. Y. Hardalupas and M. Orain, "Local measurements of the time-dependent heat release rate and equivalence ratio using chemiluminescent emission from a flame," Combust. Flame 139, 188-207 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. J. Kojima, Y. Ikeda, and T. Nakajima, "Spatially resolved measurement of OH*, CH* and C2* chemiluminescence in the reaction zone of laminar methane/air premixed flames," Proc. Combust. Inst. 28, 1757-1764 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. J. Schalwig, G. Müller, O. Ambacher, and M. Stutzmann, "Group III-nitride-based sensors for combustion monitoring," Mater. Sci. Eng. B 93, 207-214 (2002). [CrossRef]
  5. J. C. Roberts, C. A. Parker, J. F. Muth, S. F. Leboeuf, M. E. Aumer, S. M. Bedair, and M. J. Reed, "Ultraviolet-visible metal semiconductor-metal photodetectors fabricated from InxGa1−xN (0 greater than/equal to x greater than/equal to 0.13)," J. Electron. Mater. 31, L1-L6 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. S.-J. Chang, "Improving InGaN MSM photodetectors by using a recessed-electrode structure," J. Sci. Eng. Tech. 1, 1-4 (2005).
  7. Y.-Z. Chiou, Y.-K. Su, S.-J. Chang, J. Gong, Y.-C. Lin, S.-H. Liu, and C.-S. Chang, "High Detectivity InGaN-GaN Multiquantum Well p-n junction photodiodes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 681-684 (2003). [CrossRef]
  8. C. Rivera, J. L. Pau, A. Navarro, and E. Muñoz, "Photoresponse of (In, Ga)N/GaN multiple-quantum-well structures in the visible and UVA ranges," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 51-58 (2006). [CrossRef]
  9. J. L. Pau, C. Rivera, J. Pereiro, A. Navarro, R. Pecharromán, and E. Muñoz, "III-nitride-based photodetectors for the visible range," presented at the 29th Workshop on Compound Semiconductor Devices and Integrated Circuits, Cardiff, U.K., 16-18 May 2005.
  10. J. Anduaga, "Development of GaN-based photodetectors for combustion monitoring," Annual Report FIT-020400-2004-58 (Spanish Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia and Orkli, Arrasate-Mondragón, 2005).
  11. F. Akamatsu, T. Wakabayashi, S. Tsushima, Y. Mizutani, Y. Ikeda, N. Kawahara, and T. Nakajima, "The development of a light-collecting probe with high spatial resolution applicable to randomly fluctuating combustion fields," Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 1240-1246 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Hardalupas, M. Orain, C. S. Panoutsos, A. M. K. P. Taylor, J. Olofsson, H. Seyfried, M. Richter, J. Hult, M. Aldén, F. Hermann, and J. Klingmann, "Chemiluminescence sensor for local equivalence ratio of reacting mixtures of fuel and air (FLAMESEEK)," Appl. Therm. Eng. 24, 1619-1632 (2004). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited