OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 45, Iss. 29 — Oct. 10, 2006
  • pp: 7557–7566

Study of particle size effects on an optical fiber sensor response examined with Monte Carlo simulation

Nguyen T. Tran, Chris G. Campbell, and Frank G. Shi  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 45, Issue 29, pp. 7557-7566 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.45.007557


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (929 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Optical fiber sensors based on the total light transmittance are widely used to measure the volume fraction of particles in suspensions. However, the sensor response depends not only on the volume fraction but also on the particle size. The particle size effect is studied for a sensor configuration consisting of two linear arrays of fibers on each of two blocks: the emitting and receiving blocks. These two linear arrays are arranged with three adjacent fibers (one fiber on the first array, two fibers on the second array) forming a perfect triangle. The almost superimposition of the calculated sensor response versus the extinction factor for different particle sizes allows for the application of single- curve models. Two single-curve models that describe the sensor response for all particle sizes ranging from 36 to 200 μ m are proposed. The models are validated by Monte Carlo simulation for different particle sizes and are valid within a detectable volume fraction. The single-curve models proposed provide an easier approach to creating a database for sensor calibration for suspended sediment concentration measurements.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.6010) Integrated optics : Sensors
(290.0290) Scattering : Scattering
(290.4210) Scattering : Multiple scattering
(290.5820) Scattering : Scattering measurements
(290.5850) Scattering : Scattering, particles

History
Original Manuscript: March 10, 2006
Revised Manuscript: May 26, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: June 1, 2006

Virtual Issues
Vol. 1, Iss. 11 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Nguyen T. Tran, Chris G. Campbell, and Frank G. Shi, "Study of particle size effects on an optical fiber sensor response examined with Monte Carlo simulation," Appl. Opt. 45, 7557-7566 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-45-29-7557


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. E. Nelson and P. C. Benedict, "Measurement and analysis of suspended-sediment loads in streams," Trans. ASCE 116, 891-918 (1951).
  2. D. G. Wren, B. D. Barkdoll, R. A. Kuhnle, and R. W. Derrow, "Field techniques for suspended-sediment measurement," J. Hydraul. Eng. 126, 97-104 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. D. W. Dockery, A. Pope III, X. Xu, J. D. Spengler, J. H. Ware, M. E. Fay, B. G. Ferris, Jr., and F. E. Speizer, "An association between air pollution and mortality in six U.S. cities," N. Engl. J. Med. 329, 1753-1759 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. G. Campbell, D. T. Laycak, W. Hoppes, N. T. Tran, and F. G. Shi, "High concentration suspended sediment measurements using a continuous fiber optic in-stream transmissometer," J. Hydrol. 311, 244-253 (2005). [CrossRef]
  5. S. J. Riley, "The sediment concentration-turbidity relation: its value in monitoring at ranger uranium mine, Northern Territory, Australia," Cantena 32(1), 1-14 (1998). [CrossRef]
  6. N. J. Clifford, K. S. Richards, R. A. Brown, and S. N. Lane, "Laboratory and field assessment of an infrared turbidity probe and its response to particle size and variation in suspended sediment concentration," Hydrol. Sci. J. 40, 771-791 (1995). [CrossRef]
  7. R. J. Davies-Colley and D. G. Smith, "Turbidity, suspended sediment, and water clarity: a review," J. Am. Water Resour. Assoc. 37, 1085-1101 (2001). [CrossRef]
  8. L. Bergougnoux, J. Misguich-Ripault, J. L. Firpro, and J. Andre, "Monte Carlo calculation of backscattered light intensity by suspension: comparison with experimental data," Appl. Opt. 35, 1735-1741 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. J. Lischer and M. Y. Louge, "Optical fiber measurements of particle concentration in dense suspensions: calibration and simulation," Appl. Opt. 31, 5106-5113 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Hong and Y. Tomita, "Measurement of distribution of solids concentration on high density gas-solids flow using an optical-fiber probe system," Powder Technol. 83, 85-91 (1995). [CrossRef]
  11. S. Ibrahim, R. G. Green, K. Dutton, K. Evan, R. A. Rahim, and A. Goude, "Optical sensor configurations for process tomography," Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, 1079-1086 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Ibrahim, R. G. Green, K. Dutton, and R. A. Rahim, "Application of optical tomography in industrial process control system," in 2000 TENCON Proceedings Intelligent Systems and Technologies for the New Millennium, (IEEE, 2000), Vol. 1, pp. 493-498. [CrossRef]
  13. S. Ibrahim, Y. M. Yunost, R. G. Green, and K. Dutton, "A tomography system using optical-fibre sensors for measuring concentration and velocity of bubbles," Meas. Control 34, 47-51 (2001).
  14. R. G. Green, R. A. Rahim, K. Evans, F. J. Dickin, B. D. Naylor, and T. P. Pridmore, "Concentration profiles in a gravity chute conveyor by optical tomography measurement," Powder Technol. 95, 49-54 (1998). [CrossRef]
  15. E. T. Baker and J. W. Lavelle, "The effect of particle size on the light attenuation coefficient of natural suspensions," J. Geophys. Res. 89, 8197-8203 (1984). [CrossRef]
  16. E. T. Baker, D. A. Tennant, R. A. Feely, G. T. Lebon, and S. L. Walker, "Field and laboratory studies on the effect of particle size and composition on optical backscattering measurements in hydrothermal plumes," Deep-Sea Res. 48, 593-604 (2001). [CrossRef]
  17. Y. Matsuno, H. Yamaguchi, T. Oka, H. Kage, and K. Higashitani, "The use of optic fiber probes for the measurement of dilute particle concentrations: calibration and application to gas-fluidized bad carryover," Powder Technol. 36, 215-221 (1983). [CrossRef]
  18. L. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L. Zheng, "MCML-Monte Carlo modeling of light transport in multi-layered tissues," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47, 131-146 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. M. I. Mishchenko, J. W. Hovenier, and L. D. Travis, Light Scattering by Nonspherical Particles (Academic, 2000), Chap. 10.
  20. M. H. Kalos and P. A. Whitlock, Monte Carlo Methods, I: Basics (Wiley, 1986).
  21. E. D. Cashwell and C. J. Everett, A Practical Manual on the Monte Carlo Method for Random Walk Problems (Pergamon, 1959).
  22. H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Dover, 1981), p. 129.
  23. A. A. Kokhanovsky, Optics of Light Scattering Media (Springer, 2001), p. 211.
  24. A. N. Witt, "Multiple scattering in reflection nebulae. 1. Monte Carlo approach," Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser. 35, 1-6 (1977). [CrossRef]
  25. J. T. Verdeyen, Laser Electronics (Prentice Hall, 2000), p. 20.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited