OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 45, Iss. 29 — Oct. 10, 2006
  • pp: 7729–7735

Operation of an optical in-well-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser

Wei Zhang, Thorsten Ackemann, Stephen McGinily, Marc Schmid, Erling Riis, and Allister I. Ferguson  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 45, Issue 29, pp. 7729-7735 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (204 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report the operation of an optical in-well-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser. The laser delivers 1 W at 855 nm and is pumped with a cost-effective fiber-coupled laser diode emitting at 806 nm. The laser modal gain is examined and ways of optimizing the system are investigated and discussed.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3480) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, diode-pumped
(140.5560) Lasers and laser optics : Pumping
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(230.5590) Optical devices : Quantum-well, -wire and -dot devices
(250.7260) Optoelectronics : Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers

Original Manuscript: May 24, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: May 24, 2006

Wei Zhang, Thorsten Ackemann, Stephen McGinily, Marc Schmid, Erling Riis, and Allister I. Ferguson, "Operation of an optical in-well-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser," Appl. Opt. 45, 7729-7735 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. W. J. Alford, Th. D. Raymond, and A. A. Allerman, "High power and good beam quality at 980 nm from a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 663-666 (2002). [CrossRef]
  2. R. Haering, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, "High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1268-1275 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. M. A. Holm, D. Burns, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, "Actively stabilized single-frequency vertical-external-cavity AlGaAs laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1551-1553 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. J. Chilla, St. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, "High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers," in Solid State Lasers XIII: Technology and Devices, R. Scheps and H. J. Hoffman, eds., Proc. SPIE 5332, 143-150 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, "0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 894-896 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. J. E. Hastie, L. G. Morton, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, A. B. Krysa, and J. S. Roberts, "Tunable ultraviolet output from an intracavity frequency-doubled red vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061114 (2006).
  7. C. Salomon, J. Dalibard, W. D. Phillips, A. Clairon, and S. Guellati, "Laser cooling of cesium atoms below 3-mu-K," Europhys. Lett. 12, 683-688 (1990). [CrossRef]
  8. T. Kurosu and F. Shimizu, "Laser cooling and trapping of calcium and strontium," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. , Part 2 29, L2127-L2129 (1990). [CrossRef]
  9. C. C. Bradley, J. J. McClelland, W. R. Anderson, and R. J. Celotta, "Magneto-optical trapping of chromium atoms," Phys. Rev. A 61, 053407 (2000). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Schmid, S. Benchabane, F. Torabi-Goudarzi, R. Abram, A. I. Ferguson, and E. Riis, "Optical in-well pumping of a vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4860-4862 (2004). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. A. Chang, J. R. Chen, H. C. Kuo, Y. K. Kuo, and S. C. Wang, "Theoretical and experimental analysis on InAlGaAs/AlGaAs active region of 850-nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 536-643 (2006). [CrossRef]
  12. L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, 1995).
  13. S.-S. Beyertt, M. Zorn, T. Kubler, H. Wenzel, M. Weyers, A. Giesen, G. Trankle, and U. Brauch, "Optical in-well pumping of a semiconductor disk laser with high optical efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1439-1449 (2005). [CrossRef]
  14. A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 365-372 (1994).
  15. M. Schmid, "VECSELs: an attractive new source in the near-IR," Photonics Spectra 38, 58-64 (2004).
  16. M. I. Muller, C. Karnutsch, J. Luft, W. Schmid, K. Streubel, N. Linder, S.-S. Beyertt, U. Brauch, A. Giesen, and G. H. Dohler, "Optically pumped vertical-external-cavity semiconductor thin disk laser with cw operation at 660 nm," in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Compound Semiconductors (IOP, 2002), Vol. 174, pp. 427-430.
  17. K. J. Knopp, D. H. Christensen, and J. R. Hill, "Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with low-ripple optical pumping windows," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 366-371 (1997). [CrossRef]
  18. M. J. Bohn and J. G. McInerey, "Resonant optical pumping of vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers," Opt. Commun. 117, 111-115 (1995). [CrossRef]
  19. M. Holm, "Vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers," Ph.D. thesis (University of Strathclyde, 2001).
  20. Z. L. Liau, "Semiconductor wafer bonding via liquid capillarity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 651-653 (2000). [CrossRef]
  21. S. McGinily and E. Riis, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, 107 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 0NG, U.K., are preparing a manuscript to be called, "Optically pumped 850 nm VECSEL based on InAlGaAs material."
  22. A. J. Kemp, G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Thermal management in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers: finite-element analysis of a heatspreader approach," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 148-155 (2005). [CrossRef]
  23. R. H. Abram, K. S. Gardner, E. Riis, and A. I. Ferguson, "Narrow linewidth operation of a tunable optically pumped semiconductor laser," Opt. Express 12, 5434-5439 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. A. Yariv, Optical Electronics in Modern Communications (Oxford U. Press, 1991).
  25. M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, "Design and characteristics of high power (0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 561-573 (1999). [CrossRef]
  26. M. Y. A. Raja, S. R. J. Brueck, M. Osinski, C. F. Schaus, J. G. McInerney, T. M. Brennan, and B. E. Hammons, "Resonant periodic gain surface-emitting semiconductor-lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1500-1512 (1989). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited