OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 45, Iss. 36 — Dec. 20, 2006
  • pp: 9140–9150

Ultraviolet light propagation under low visibility atmospheric conditions and its application to aircraft landing aid

Claire Lavigne, Gérard Durand, and Antoine Roblin  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 45, Issue 36, pp. 9140-9150 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1055 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Light scattering in the atmosphere by particles and molecules gives rise to an aureole surrounding the source image that tends to reduce the contrast of the source with respect to the background. However, UV scattering phase functions of the haze droplets present a very important forward peak. The spreading of a detected signal in the UV is not as important as in the case of a clear atmosphere where Rayleigh scattering predominates. This physical property has to be taken into account to evaluate the potential of UV radiation as an aircraft landing aid under low visibility conditions. Different results characterizing UV runway lights, simulations of UV radiation propagation in the atmosphere, and the use of a simple detection algorithm applied to one particular sensor are presented.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1310) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric scattering
(040.1520) Detectors : CCD, charge-coupled device
(260.7190) Physical optics : Ultraviolet
(290.1090) Scattering : Aerosol and cloud effects
(290.4210) Scattering : Multiple scattering

Original Manuscript: May 4, 2006
Revised Manuscript: August 3, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: August 21, 2006

Claire Lavigne, Gérard Durand, and Antoine Roblin, "Ultraviolet light propagation under low visibility atmospheric conditions and its application to aircraft landing aid," Appl. Opt. 45, 9140-9150 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. R. Luettgen, J. H. Shapiro, and D. M. Reilly, "Non-line-of-sight single-scatter propagation model," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 1964-1972 (1991). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Lindner, S. Elstein, and P. Lindner, "Solar blind and bispectral imaging with ICCD, BCCD and EBCCD cameras," in Image Intensifiers and Applications, C.B. Johnson, T.D. Maclay, and F.A. Allahdadi, eds., Proc. SPIE 3434,22-31 (1998).
  3. V. J. Norris, R. S. Evans, and D. G. Currie, "Performance comparison of visual, infrared and ultraviolet sensors for landing aircraft in fog," in Enhanced and Synthetic Vision, J.G.Verly, ed., Proc. SPIE 3691,2-20 (1999).
  4. V. J. Norris and D. G. Currie, "Autonomous UV-enhanced vision system for landing on CAT I runways during CAT IIIa weather conditions," in Enhanced and Synthetic Vision, J.G.Verly, ed., Proc. SPIE 4363,9-20 (2001).
  5. V. J. Norris, "Autonomous UV-enhanced vision system that prevents runway incursions at medium size airports," in Enhanced and Synthetic Vision, J.G.Verly, ed., Proc. SPIE 4363,67-75 (2001).
  6. C. Lavigne, A. Roblin, V. Outters, S. Langlois, T. Girasole, and C. Rozé, "Comparison of iterative and Monte Carlo methods for calculation of the aureole about a point source in the Earth's atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 38, 6237-6246 (1999). [CrossRef]
  7. A. S. Zachor, "Aureole radiance field about a source in a scattering-absorbing medium," Appl. Opt. 17, 1911-1922 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. Riewe and A. E. S. Green, "Ultraviolet aureole around a source at a finite distance," Appl. Opt. 17, 1923-1929 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. R. Meier, J. S. Lee, and D. E. Anderson, "Atmospheric scattering of middle UV radiation from an internal source," Appl. Opt. 17, 3216-3225 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. G. Zaccanti, "Monte Carlo study of light propagation in optically thick media: point source case," Appl. Opt. 30, 2031-2041 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. K. N. Liou, Y. Takano, S. C. Ou, A. Heymsfield, and W. Kreiss, "Infrared transmission through cirrus clouds: a radiative model for target detection," Appl. Opt. 29, 1886-1896 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. J. Meyer, P. A. Acevedo, and B. E. O'Toole, "Improvements to real-time ultraviolet scene simulation for sensor testing," in Technologies for Synthetic Environments: Hardware-in-the-Loop Testing III, R.L. Murrer, Jr., ed., Proc. SPIE 3368,310-320 (1998).
  13. R. H. Giza, P. A. Acevedo, and J. D. Bliss, "Ultraviolet scene simulation for missile approach warning system testing," in Technologies for Synthetic Environments: Hardware-in-the-Loop Testing II, R. L. Murrer, ed., Proc. SPIE 3084,282-291 (1997).
  14. C. Lavigne, A. Roblin, P. Chervet, and P. Chazette "Experimental and theoretical studies of the aureole about a point source that is due to atmospheric scattering in the middle ultraviolet," Appl. Opt. 44, 1250-1262 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. C. Lavigne, "Etude théorique et expérimentale de la propagation du rayonnement UV dans la basse atmosphère," Ph. D. dissertation (Université de Rouen, 2001).
  16. L. W. Abreu and G. P. Anderson, "The MODTRAN 2/3 Report and LOWTRAN 7 Model," prepared by Ontar Corporation for Phillips Laboratory, Geophysics Directorate (1996).
  17. A. Bulcholtz, "Rayleigh-scattering calculations for the terrestrial atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 34, 2765-2773 (1995). [CrossRef]
  18. M. Blumthaler and W. Ambach, "Solar UVB albedo of various surfaces," Photochem. Photobiol. 48, 85-88 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. J. C. Simons, "Optical filters for high resolution imaging systems," in Ultraviolet Technology II, R.E. Huffman, ed., Proc. SPIE 932, pp. 148-152.
  20. J. V. Sweedler, K. L. Ratzlaff, and M. B. Denton, Charge-Transfer Devices in Spectroscopy (Wiley, 1994).
  21. D. H. Pollock, "Countermeasure Systems," in The Infrared and Electro-Optical Systems Handbook (SPIE Press, 1993), Vol. 7, Chap. 1.
  22. V. J. Norris, "Autonomous low-cost electro-optical system that prevents runway incursion by providing direct warnings to flight crews," in Enhanced and Synthetic Vision, J.G.Verly, ed., Proc. SPIE 5081,109-123 (2003).
  23. V. J. Norris, "FAA evaluation of UV technology for runway incursion prevention and low visibility landings," in Enhanced and Synthetic Vision, J.G. Verly, ed., Proc. SPIE 5081,1-10 (2003).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited