OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 45, Iss. 5 — Feb. 10, 2006
  • pp: 1041–1051

Infrared Balloon Experiment: improved instrumental configuration and assessment of instrument performance

G. Bianchini, A. Boscaleri, B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, L. Palchetti, and E. Pascale  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 45, Issue 5, pp. 1041-1051 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.45.001041


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1844 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

During the 2002 environmental satellite Envisat mid-latitude validation campaign, a new upgraded configuration of the Infrared Balloon Experiment (IBEX) Fourier transform spectrometer, which had its first flight in 1978, performed a stratospheric balloon flight across the Mediterranean Sea. Among the substantial upgrades made to the instrument, the use of photon-noise-limited detectors permitted us to reach the theoretical limits in terms of signal-to-noise ratio. Also, important modifications were made to the interferometric system and electronics, such as the installation of a solid-state laser reference source and an onboard data recording system. During the flight, measurement of volume-mixing-ratio vertical profiles of O 3 , HNO 3 , N 2 O , and ClO from an altitude of 38 km were performed with a vertical resolution of 1.5 km .

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1280) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric composition
(280.0280) Remote sensing and sensors : Remote sensing and sensors
(300.2140) Spectroscopy : Emission
(300.6270) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, far infrared
(300.6300) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, Fourier transforms

ToC Category:
Spectroscopy

History
Original Manuscript: May 23, 2005
Revised Manuscript: September 8, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: September 8, 2005

Citation
G. Bianchini, A. Boscaleri, B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, L. Palchetti, and E. Pascale, "Infrared Balloon Experiment: improved instrumental configuration and assessment of instrument performance," Appl. Opt. 45, 1041-1051 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-45-5-1041


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, and A. Bonetti, "Submillimiter high-resolution FT spectrometer for atmospheric studies," Appl. Opt. 23, 2594-2603 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. B. Carli, "High resolution far infrared FT spectroscopy of the stratosphere: optimization of the optical design of the instrument," in 1985 International Conference on Fourier and Computerized Spectroscopy, Proc. SPIE 553, 93-98 (1985).
  3. F. Mencaraglia, B. Carli, A. Bonetti, P. Ciarpallini, M. Carlotti, G. Lepri, F. Alboni, U. Cortesi, and M. Ridolfi, "Stratospheric composition from balloon based measurements," in Atmospheric Sensing and Modeling, Proc. SPIE 2311, 240-247 (1994). [CrossRef]
  4. B. Carli, M. Carlotti, F. Mencaraglia, and E. Rossi, "Far-infrared high-resolution Fourier transform spectrometer," Appl. Opt. 26, 3818-3822 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Bonetti, E. Rossi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, G. Di Lonardo, A. Trombetti, and F. Mencaraglia, "Far infrared spectroscopy with a 4-meter path difference interferometer," in 1985 International Conference on Fourier and Computerized Spectroscopy, Proc. SPIE 553, 326-327 (1985).
  6. B. Carli and F. Mencaraglia, "Twofold Martin-Puplett interferometer," Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 2, 87-96 (1981). [CrossRef]
  7. B. Carli and F. Mencaraglia, "Signal doubling in the Martin-Puplett interferometer," Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 2, 1045-1051 (1981). [CrossRef]
  8. M. G. Baldecchi, B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, A. Bonetti, and M. Carlotti, "Atlas of stratospheric submillimeter lines: the 7-20 cm-1 interval," J. Geophys. Res. 89, 11689-11704 (1984). [CrossRef]
  9. M. G. Baldecchi, B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, A. Barbis, A. Bonetti, and M. Carlotti, "Atlas of stratospheric submillimeter lines: the 20-40 cm-1 interval," J. Geophys. Res. 93, 5303-5318 (1988). [CrossRef]
  10. C. B. Farmer, B. Carli, A. Bonetti, M. Carlotti, B. M. Dinelli, H. Fast, W. F. J. Evans, N. Luisnard, C. Alamichel, D. W. Johnson, W. A. Traub, K. V. Chance, R. Zander, G. Roland, and L. Delbouille, "Balloon intercomparison campaigns: results of remote sensing measurements of HCl," J. Atmos. Chem. 10, 237-272 (1990). [CrossRef]
  11. W. G. Mankin, M. T. Coffey, K. V. Chance, W. A. Traub, B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, S. Piccioli, I. G. Nolt, J. V. Radostitz, R. Zander, G. Roland, D. W. Johnson, G. M. Stokes, C. B. Farmer, and R. K. Seals, "Intercomparison of measurements of stratospheric hydrogen fluoride," J. Atmos. Chem. 10, 219-236 (1990). [CrossRef]
  12. D. Murcray, A. Goldman, J. Kosters, R. Zander, W. Evans, M. Luisnard, C. Alamichel, M. Bangham, S. Pollit, B. Carli, B. M. Dinelli, S. Piccioli, A. Valboni, W. A. Traub, and K. V. Chance, "Intercomparison of stratospheric water vapour profiles obtained during the balloon intercomparison campaign," J. Atmos. Chem. 10, 149-179 (1990). [CrossRef]
  13. M. G. Baldecchi, A. Barbis, A. Bonetti, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, B. M. Dinelli, F. Mencaraglia, M. Poggesi, E. Rossi, and M. Trambusti, "High-resolution far-infrared FT spectroscopy of the stratosphere," Rend. Fis. Acc. Lincei 6, 95-110 (1995). [CrossRef]
  14. I. G. Nolt, P. A. R. Ade, F. Alboni, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, U. Cortesi, M. Epifani, M. J. Griffin, P. A. Hamilton, C. Lee, G. Lepri, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, J. H. Park, K. Parki, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, and M. D. Vanek, "Stratospheric HBr concentration profile obtained from far infrared emission spectroscopy," Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 281-284 (1987). [CrossRef]
  15. J. H. Park, B. Carli, and A. Barbis, "Stratospheric HBr mixing ratio obtained from far infrared emission spectra," Geophys. Res. Lett. 16, 787-790 (1989). [CrossRef]
  16. B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, M. Carlotti, B. M. Dinelli, and I. G. Nolt, "Submillimeter measurements of stratospheric chlorine monoxide," J. Geophys. Res. 93, 7063-7068 (1987). [CrossRef]
  17. M. M. , J. Guo, B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, A. Bonetti, M. Carlotti, and I. G. Nolt, "Stratospheric O3, H2O and HDO distribution from balloon based far infrared observations," J. Geophys. Res. 92, 8354-8364 (1987). [CrossRef]
  18. B. Carli, M. Carlotti, B. M. Dinelli, F. Mencaraglia, and J. H. Park, "The mixing ratio of the stratospheric hydroxil radical from far infrared emission measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 94, 11049-11058 (1989). [CrossRef]
  19. M. Carlotti, P. A. R. Ade, B. Carli, M. Chipperfield, P. A. Hamilton, F. Mencaraglia, I. G. Nolt, and M. Ridolfi, "Diurnal variability and night detection of stratospheric hydroxil radical from far infrared emission measurements," J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys. 63, 1509-1528 (2001). [CrossRef]
  20. B. Carli and J. H. Park, "Simultaneous measurements of minor stratospheric constituents with emission far infrared spectroscopy," J. Geophys. Res. 93, 3851-3865 (1988). [CrossRef]
  21. M. M. Abbas, J. Guo, B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, M. Carlotti, and I. G. Nolt, "Stratospheric distribution of HCN from far infrared observations," Geophys. Res. Lett. 14, 531-534 (1987). [CrossRef]
  22. M. M. Abbas, J. Guo, B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, M. Carlotti, and I. G. Nolt, "Heavy ozone distribution in the stratosphere from far infrared observations," J. Geophys. Res. 93, 2063-2068 (1987).
  23. M. Carlotti, A. Barbis, and B. Carli, "Stratospheric ozone vertical distribution from far infrared balloon spectra and statistical analysis of the errors," J. Geophys. Res. 94, 16365-16372 (1989). [CrossRef]
  24. B. M. Dinelli, B. Carli, and M. Carlotti, "Measurement of stratospheric distribution of H216O, H218O, H217O, and HD16O from far infrared spectra," J. Geophys. Res. 96, 7509-7514 (1991). [CrossRef]
  25. M. M. Abbas, M. J. Glenn, I. G. Nolt, B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, and M. Carlotti, "Far infrared measurements of stratospheric carbon monoxide," Geophys. Res. Lett. 15, 140-143 (1988). [CrossRef]
  26. J. H. Park and B. Carli, "Spectroscopic detection of HO2, H2O2 and OH in the stratosphere," J. Geophys. Res. 96, 22535-22541 (1991). [CrossRef]
  27. D. H. Martin and E. Puplett, "Polarised interferometric spectrometry for the millimetre and submillimetre spectrum," Infrared Phys. 10, 105-109 (1969). [CrossRef]
  28. D. H. Martin, "Polarizing (Martin-Puplett) interferometric spectrometers for millimeter and submillimeter spectra," in Infrared and Millimeter Waves, K. J. Button, ed. (Academic, 1982), Vol. 6, pp. 65-148.
  29. B. Carli, P. A. R. Ade, U. Cortesi, P. Dickinson, M. Epifani, F. C. Gannaway, A. Gignoli, C. Keim, C. Lee, J. Leotin, F. Mencaraglia, A. G. Murray, I. G. Nolt, and M. Ridolfi, "SAFIRE/A--Spectroscopy of the Atmosphere using Far-Infrared Emission/Airborne," J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16, 1313-1328 (1999). [CrossRef]
  30. G. Bianchini, U. Cortesi, L. Palchetti, and E. Pascale, "SAFIRE/A (Spectroscopy of the Atmosphere by Far-Infrared Emission--Airborne): Optimized instrument configuration and new assessment of spectroscopic performances," Appl. Opt. 43, 962-965 (2004). [CrossRef]
  31. G. Bianchini, M. Lanfranchi, and U. Cortesi, "Flight qualification of a diode laser for path difference determination of a high-resolution Fourier transform spectrometer," Appl. Opt. 39, 962-965 (2000). [CrossRef]
  32. A. J. Viterbi, "Error bounds for convolution codes and an asymptotically optimum decoding algorithm," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory IT-13, 260-269 (1967). [CrossRef]
  33. A. Boscaleri, V. Venturi, A. Tronconi, and R. Colzi, "A time domain design technique for high precision full digital pointing system in balloon-borne remote infrared sensing," in Acquisition, Tracking, and Printing IV, Proc. SPIE 1304, 127-136 (1990). [CrossRef]
  34. A. Boscaleri, V. Venturi, and R. Colzi, "A time domain computer simulation program as first step of a full digital high precision pointing system for platform in balloon-borne remote sensing," in Infrared Technology XVI, Proc. SPIE 1341, 58-65 (1990). [CrossRef]
  35. A. Boscaleri, V. Venturi, and D. Tirelli, "The ARGO experiment pointing system as an example for other single axis platform pointing systems," Meas. Sci. Technol. 5, 190-196 (1994). [CrossRef]
  36. L. M. Coyle, G. Aurilio, G. U. Nystrom, J. Bortz, B. G. Nagy, K. V. Chance, and W. A. Traub, "Design of a single-axis platform for balloon-borne remote sensing," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 2512-2518 (1986). [CrossRef]
  37. W. A. Traub, K. V. Chance, and L. M. Coyle, "Performance of a single-axis platform for balloon-borne remote sensing," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 2519-2522 (1986). [CrossRef]
  38. A. Murk, N. Kampfer, and N. J. Keen, "Baseline measurements with a 650 GHz radiometer," in Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Millimetre Wave Technology and Application: Antennas, Circuits and Systems, J. Mallat, A. Räisänen, and J. Tuovinen, eds. (European Space Agency Publications Division, 1998), pp. 121-126.
  39. A. S. Zachor, I. Coleman, and W. G. Mankin, "Effects of drive nonlinearities in Fourier spectroscopy," in Spectrometric Techniques, G. A. Vanasse, ed. (Academic, 1981), Vol. II, pp. 126-159.
  40. L. Palchetti and D. Lastrucci, "Spectral noise due to sampling errors in Fourier transform spectroscopy," Appl. Opt. 40, 3235-3243 (2001). [CrossRef]
  41. G. Bianchini and P. Raspollini, "Characterisation of instrumental line shape distortions due to path difference dependent phase errors in a Fourier transform spectrometer," Infrared Phys. Technol. 41, 287-292 (2000). [CrossRef]
  42. A. S. Zachor and S. M. Aaronson, "Delay compensation: its effect in reducing sampling errors in Fourier spectroscopy," Appl. Opt. 18, 68-75 (1979). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  43. B. Carli, A. Forni, and F. Mencaraglia, "Phase error correction in FT spectroscopy of spectra with positive and negative intensities," Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 3, 529-540 (1982). [CrossRef]
  44. G. Bianchini, U. Cortesi, L. Palchetti, and E. Pascale, "Cosmic ray spikes localization and correction in FT spectrometer data," Infrared Phys. Technol. 43, 33-38 (2002). [CrossRef]
  45. B. Carli, L. Palchetti, and P. Raspollini, "Effect of beam-splitter emission in Fourier-transform emission spectroscopy," Appl. Opt. 38, 7475-7480 (1999). [CrossRef]
  46. B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, A. Bonetti, M. Carlotti, and I. G. Nolt, "Detection of atomic oxygen and further line assignments in the far infrared atmospheric spectrum," Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 6, 149-176 (1985). [CrossRef]
  47. J. H. Park and B. Carli, "Analysis of far-infrared emission Fourier transform spectra," Appl. Opt. 25, 3490-3501 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  48. M. Carlotti and B. Carli, "Approach to the design and data analysis of a limb-scanning experiment," Appl. Opt. 33, 3237-3249 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  49. M. Carlotti, "Global-fit approach to the analysis of limb-scanning atmospheric measurements," Appl. Opt. 27, 3250-3254 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  50. M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, "Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for MIPAS near-real-time data processing," Appl. Opt. 39, 1323-1340 (2000). [CrossRef]
  51. F. Mencaraglia, G. Bianchini, A. Boscaleri, B. Carli, S. Ceccherini, J.-M. Flaud, and A. Perrin, "Comparison of rotational and vibrational spectroscopic data of HNO3 for the validation of MIPAS satellite measurements," submitted to J. Geophys. Res.
  52. F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, C. Keim, H. Oelhaf, and H. Fischer, "Design and characterization of the balloon-borne Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS-B2)," Appl. Opt. 43, 3335-3355 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  53. Y. Té, P. Jeseck, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, G. Perron, and G. Aubertin, "Balloonborne calibrated spectroradiometer for atmospheric nadir sounding," Appl. Opt. 41, 6431-6441 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  54. D. G. Johnson, K. W. Jucks, W. A. Traub, and K. V. Chance, "Smithsonian stratospheric far infrared spectrometer and data reduction system," J. Geophys. Res. 100, 3091-3106 (1995). [CrossRef]
  55. K. Strong, D. Barton, P. Bernath, S. Brown, J. Davies, J. R. Drummond, H. Fast, E. Farahani, P. Fogal, F. Goutail, J.-P. Goutail, R. Hall, J. C. McConnell, C. T. McElroy, S. M. L. Melo, C. Midwinter, F. Murcray, C. Nowlan, A. Ogyu, J. Olson, B. M. Quine, Y. Rochon, T. G. Shepherd, B. H. Solheim, D. Sommerfeldt, R. Sullivan, M. Tingley, M. Toohey, K. Walker, D. I. Wardle, H. Wu, D. Wunch, D. Tarasick, and A. Ullberg, "The MANTRA 2002 balloon flight from Vanscoy, Canada," presented at Envisat Validation Workshop, Frascati, Italy, 9-13 December 2002.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited