OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 45, Iss. 5 — Feb. 10, 2006
  • pp: 872–879

Optical sectioning by optical scanning holography and a Wiener filter

Taegeun Kim  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 45, Issue 5, pp. 872-879 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (625 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



I propose a novel digital technique that reduces defocus noise in the reconstruction of the sectional images from the complex hologram of a thick object. In three-dimensional microscopy applications of holography, reducing the defocused light scattered from outside the focused plane is an important issue. In this technique I first extract a complex hologram of a thick object by using optical scanning holography. After that, I separate the power spectra of the focused and defocused planes from the complex hologram. Finally, I construct a Wiener filter by use of the power spectra. The Wiener filter reduces the defocus noise in the reconstruction of the sectional image of the focused plane. Computer simulations show that the proposed Wiener filter reduces the defocus noise and provides the sectional images.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(070.2580) Fourier optics and signal processing : Paraxial wave optics
(090.1760) Holography : Computer holography
(100.3010) Image processing : Image reconstruction techniques
(180.6900) Microscopy : Three-dimensional microscopy

ToC Category:
Digital/Electronic Holographic Microscopy

Original Manuscript: February 28, 2005
Revised Manuscript: April 26, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: April 28, 2005

Virtual Issues
Vol. 1, Iss. 3 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Taegeun Kim, "Optical sectioning by optical scanning holography and a Wiener filter," Appl. Opt. 45, 872-879 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. E. N. Neith, W.-C. Chien, K. D. Mils, B. D. Athey, and D. S. Dilworth, "Optical sectioning by holographic coherence imaging: a generalized analysis," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 380-387 (2003).
  2. J. M. Schmitt, "Optical coherence tomography (OCT): a review," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1205-1215 (1999). [CrossRef]
  3. T. R. Corle and G. S. Kino, Confocal Scanning Optical Microscopy and Related Imaging Systems (Academic, 1996).
  4. G. Indebetouw, P. Klysubun, T. Kim, and T.-C. Poon, "Imaging properties of scanning holographic microscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 380-390 (2000).
  5. T.-C. Poon, K. Doh, B. Schilling, M. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, "Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography," Opt. Eng. 34, 1338-1344 (1995).
  6. B. Schilling, T.-C. Poon, G. Indebetouw, B. Storrie, K. Shinoda, and M. Wu, "Three-dimensional holographic fluorescence microscopy," Opt. Lett. 22, 1506-1508 (1997).
  7. G. Indebetouw and P. Klysubun, "Spatiotemporal digital microholography," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 319-325 (2001).
  8. T.-C. Poon and A. Korpel, "Optical transfer function of an acousto-optic heterodyning image processor," Opt. Lett. 4, 317-319 (1979).
  9. T.-C. Poon, "Scanning holography and two-dimensional image processing by acousto-optic two-pupil synthesis," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 2, 521-527 (1985).
  10. K. R. Castleman, Digital Image Processing (Prentice-Hall, 1996).
  11. K. Kondo, Y. Ichioka, and T. Suzuki, "Image restoration by Wiener filtering in the presence of signal dependent noise," Appl. Opt. 16, 2554-2558 (1977).
  12. D. G. Ghiglia, "Space-invariant deblurring given N independent blurred images of a common object," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 398-402 (1984).
  13. L. R. Berriel, J. Bescos, and A. Satisteban, "Image restoration for a defocused optical system," Appl. Opt. 22, 2772-2780 (1983).
  14. I. Yamaguchi and T. Zhang, "Phase-shifting digital holography," Opt. Lett. 22, 1268-1270 (1997).
  15. S.-G. Kim, B. Lee, and E.-S. Kim, "Removal of bias and the conjugate image in incoherent on-axis triangular holography and real-time reconstruction of the complex hologram," Appl. Opt. 36, 4784-4791 (1997).
  16. K. Doh, T.-C. Poon, and G. Indebetouw, "Twin-image noise in optical scanning holography," Opt. Eng. 35, 1550-1555 (1996).
  17. G. Indebetouw, T. Kim, T.-C. Poon, and B. Schilling, "Three-dimensional location of fluorescent inhomogeneities in turbid media using scanning heterodyne holography," Opt. Lett. 23, 135-137 (1998).
  18. T.-C. Poon, T. Kim, G. Indebetouw, M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, "Twin-image elimination experiments for three-dimensional images in optical scanning holography," Opt. Lett. 25, 215-217 (2000).
  19. P. P. Banerjee and T.-C. Poon, Principles of Applied Optics (Irwin, 1991).
  20. J. Swoger, M. Martinez-Corral, J. Huisken, and E. H. K. Stelzer, "Optical scanning holography as a technique for high-resolution three-dimensional biological microscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1910-1918 (2002).
  21. H. Stark and J. W. Woods, Probability and Random Processes with Applications to Signal Processing, 3rd ed. (Prentice-Hall, 2002).
  22. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1996).
  23. L. W. Couch, Digital and Analog Communication Systems, 5th ed. (Prentice-Hall, 1997).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited