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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 45, Iss. 8 — Mar. 10, 2006
  • pp: 1777–1784

Form-birefringent space-variant inhomogeneous medium element for shaping point-spread functions

Chia-Ho Tsai, Uriel Levy, Lin Pang, and Yeshaiahu Fainman  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 45, Issue 8, pp. 1777-1784 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.45.001777


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Abstract

We experimentally characterize the properties of an element that generates a doughnutlike point-spread function by converting the linearly polarized incident field to radially or azimuthally polarized light utilizing space-variant inhomogeneous medium (SVIM) form-birefringent subwavelength structures. To fabricate the high-aspect-ratio SVIM structures, we developed a chemically assisted ion-beam-etching process that permits control of the fabricated form-birefringent structure profile to optimize the effect of birefringence and the impedance mismatch on the substrate–air interface. Fabricated elements perform efficient polarization conversion for incident angles as large as 30°, where the extinction ratio is found to be better than 4.5 . The intensity distribution in the far field shows that our SVIM device generates a doughnut point-spread function that may prove useful for various applications.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication
(230.5440) Optical devices : Polarization-selective devices
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization

ToC Category:
Optical Design and Fabrication

History
Original Manuscript: March 1, 2005
Revised Manuscript: August 8, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: August 30, 2005

Citation
Chia-Ho Tsai, Uriel Levy, Lin Pang, and Yeshaiahu Fainman, "Form-birefringent space-variant inhomogeneous medium element for shaping point-spread functions," Appl. Opt. 45, 1777-1784 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-45-8-1777

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