OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 45, Iss. 9 — Mar. 20, 2006
  • pp: 2089–2100

Two-photon nitric oxide laser-induced fluorescence measurements in a diesel engine

Glen C. Martin, Charles J. Mueller, and Chia-Fon F. Lee  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 45, Issue 9, pp. 2089-2100 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.45.002089


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (855 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A two-photon nitric oxide (NO) laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) technique was developed and applied to study in-cylinder diesel combustion. The technique prevents many problems associated with in-cylinder, single-photon NO planar-laser-induced fluorescence measurements, including fluorescence interference from the Schumann–Runge bands of hot O2, absorption of a UV excitation beam by in-cylinder gases, and difficulty in rejecting scattered laser light while simultaneously attempting to maximize fluorescence signal collection. Verification that the signal resulted from NO was provided by tuning of the laser to a vibrational off-resonance wavelength that showed near-zero signal levels, which resulted from either fluorescence or interference at in-cylinder pressures of as much as 20 bar. The two-photon NO LIF signal showed good qualitative agreement with NO exhaust-gas measurements obtained over a wide range of engine loads.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(280.1740) Remote sensing and sensors : Combustion diagnostics
(300.2530) Spectroscopy : Fluorescence, laser-induced

ToC Category:
Spectroscopy

History
Original Manuscript: May 20, 2005
Revised Manuscript: October 11, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: October 28, 2005

Citation
Glen C. Martin, Charles J. Mueller, and Chia-Fon F. Lee, "Two-photon nitric oxide laser-induced fluorescence measurements in a diesel engine," Appl. Opt. 45, 2089-2100 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-45-9-2089


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species, 2nd ed. (Gordon & Breach, 1996).
  2. C. Schulz, J. B. Jeffries, D. F. Davidson, J. D. Koch, J. Wolfrum, and R. K. Hanson, "Impact of UV absorption by CO2 and H2O on NO LIF in high-pressure combustion applications," in Proc. Combust. Inst. 29, 2735-2742 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. J. B. Heywood, Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals (McGraw-Hill, 1988).
  4. W. G. Bessler, C. Schulz, T. Lee, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, "Strategies for laser-induced fluorescence detection of nitric oxide in high-pressure flames. I. A-X(0,0) excitation," Appl. Opt. 41, 3547-3557 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. W. P. Cann, J. B. Shin, and R. W. Nicholls, "Oxygen absorption in the spectral range 180-300 nm for temperatures to 3000 K and pressures to 50 atm," Can. J. Phys. 62, 1738-1751 (1984). [CrossRef]
  6. W. G. Bessler, C. Schulz, T. Lee, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, "Strategies for laser-induced fluorescence detection of nitric oxide in high-pressure flames. III. Comparison of A-X excitation schemes," Appl. Opt. 42, 4922-4936 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. D. Levenson, Introduction to Nonlinear Laser Spectroscopy (Academic, 1982).
  8. P. H. Krupenie, "The spectrum of molecular oxygen," J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 1, 423-519 (1972). [CrossRef]
  9. C. Schulz, J. D. Koch, D. F. Davidson, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, "Ultraviolet absorption spectra of shock-heated carbon dioxide and water between 900 and 3050 K," Chem. Phys. Lett. 355, 82-88 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. F. Hildenbrand and C. Schulz, "Measurements and simulation of in-cylinder UV-absorption in spark ignition and diesel engines," Appl. Phys. B 73, 173-180 (2001).
  11. W. G. Bessler, C. Schulz, T. Lee, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, "Carbon dioxide UV laser-induced fluorescence in high-pressure flames," Chem. Phys. Lett. 375, 344-349 (2003). [CrossRef]
  12. J. H. Frank, X. Chen, B. D. Patterson, and T. B. Settersten, "Comparison of nanosecond and picosecond excitation for two-photon laser-induced fluorescence imaging of atomic oxygen in flames," Appl. Opt. 43, 2588-2597 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. E. Dec and R. E. Canaan, "PLIF imaging of NO formation in a DI diesel engine," SAE 980147 (Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA 15096).
  14. A. Ciajolo, R. Barbella, A. Tregrossi, and L. Bonfanti, "Spectroscopic and compositional signatures of PAH-loaded mixtures in the soot inception region of a premixed ethylene flame," Proc. Combust. Inst. 27, 1481-1487 (1998).
  15. J. A. Gray, Department of Chemistry, Ohio Northern University, Ada, Ohio 45810, "'NOlowbartwophoton.xls' & "NOlowbartwophotonlowbarpops.xls"' (personal communication, 2004).
  16. W. G. Bessler, C. Schulz, V. Sick, and J. W. Daily, "A versatile modeling tool for nitric oxide LIF spectra," in Proceedings of the Third Joint Meeting of the U.S. Sections of The Combustion Institute (Combustion Institute, 2003); http://www.lifsim.com.
  17. G. C. Martin and C. J. Mueller, "Progress in NO detection by planar laser induced fluorescence in a direct injection diesel engine," presented at ILASS Americas 16th Annual Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, Monterey, Calif., 18-21 May 2003.
  18. G. C. Martin, "Single- and two-photon fluorescence for the detection of nitric oxide in an optically-accessible direct-injection diesel engine," Ph.D. dissertation (University of Illinois at Urbana--Champaign, 2004).
  19. C. J. Mueller, G. C. Martin, T. E. Briggs, and K. P. Duffy, "An experimental investigation of in-cylinder processes under dual-injection conditions in a DI diesel engine," SAE 2004-01-1843 (Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA 15096).
  20. F. Hildenbrand, C. Schulz, F. Keller, G. König, and E. Wagner, "Quantitative laser diagnostic studies of the NO distribution in a DI diesel engine with PLN and CR injection systems," SAE 2001-01-3550 (Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA 15096).
  21. C. J. Mueller and G. C. Martin, "Effects of oxygenated compounds on combustion and soot evolution in a DI diesel engine: broadband natural luminosity imaging," SAE 2002-01-1631 (Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA 15096).
  22. C. K. Westbrook, W. J. Pitz, C. J. Mueller, L. M. Pickett, and G. C. Martin, "The effect of molecular structure of oxygenates on soot emissions," in Proceedings of Third Joint Meeting of U.S. Sections of the Combustion Institute (Combustion Institute, 2003), paper F09.
  23. A. Upatnieks and C. J. Mueller, "Clean, controlled DI diesel combustion using dilute, cool charge gas and a short-ignition-delay, oxygenated fuel," SAE 2005-01-0363 (Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA 15096).
  24. K. T. Rhee, P. S. Myers, and O. A. Uyehara, "Time- and space- resolved species determination in diesel combustion using continuous flow gas sampling," SAE 780226 (Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA 15096).
  25. I. A. Voiculescu and G. L. Borman, "An experimental study of diesel engine cylinder-averaged NOx histories," SAE 780228 (Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA 15096).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited