OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 46, Iss. 12 — Apr. 20, 2007
  • pp: 2297–2306

Model-based far-field alignment algorithm for Gaussian beamlike single-mode optical devices

Yves St-Amant, Daniel Gariépy, and Denis Rancourt  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 12, pp. 2297-2306 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1320 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Single-mode device-to-fiber alignment automation is usually achieved with a classical mathematical optimization approach. We present a different approach, which is based on the identification of particular intrinsic characteristics of the coupled optical power and on estimating residual axial, transverse, and angular misalignments in the far field. Such a model-based approach is based on the physical nature of the optical coupling phenomenon and can replace or be complementary to already known automated alignment methods. An alignment algorithm is described and validated experimentally using two single-mode fibers as Gaussian beam emitter and receiver.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(220.0220) Optical design and fabrication : Optical design and fabrication
(220.1140) Optical design and fabrication : Alignment

ToC Category:
Optical Design and Fabrication

Original Manuscript: April 10, 2006
Revised Manuscript: November 13, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: December 8, 2006
Published: April 3, 2007

Yves St-Amant, Daniel Gariépy, and Denis Rancourt, "Model-based far-field alignment algorithm for Gaussian beamlike single-mode optical devices," Appl. Opt. 46, 2297-2306 (2007)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. Y. St-Amant, D. Gariépy, and D. Rancourt, "An experimental investigation of the intrinsic properties of the optical coupling between axisymmetric Gaussian beams," Appl. Opt. 44, 5996-6006 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Y. St-Amant, D. Gariépy, and D. Rancourt, "Intrinsic properties of the optical coupling between axisymmetric Gaussian beams," Appl. Opt. 43, 5691-5704 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Y. St-Amant, "Alignement automatisé de fibres optiques amorces monomodes," Ph.D. dissertation (Mechanical Engineering Department Université Laval, Québec, Canada, 2004).
  4. Y. St-Amant, "Intrinsic properties of the optical coupling phenomenon: an experimental investigation using single-mode device and fiber," in Photonic Applications in Devices and Communication Systems, P. Mascher, A. P. Knights, J. C. Cartledge, and D. V. Plant, eds., Proc. SPIE 5970, 597003 (2005). [CrossRef]
  5. Y. St-Amant, D. Rancourt, and D. Gariépy, "Using fundamental properties of optical coupling for single mode fiber transverse and longitudinal alignment automation," in Applications of Photonic Technology 6, R. A. Lessard and G. A. Lampropoulos, eds., Proc. SPIE 5260, 191-202 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. R. Zhang, J. Guo, and F. G. Shi, "Fast fiber-laser alignment: beam spot-size method," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1083-1087 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. M. Mizukami, M. Hirano, and K. Shinjo, "Simultaneous alignment of multiple optical axes in a multistage optical system using Hamiltonian algorithm," Opt. Eng. 40, 448-454 (2001). [CrossRef]
  8. H. Kartensen, "Laser diode to single-mode fiber coupling will ball lenses," J. Opt. Commun. 9, 42-49 (1988). [CrossRef]
  9. D. Marcuse, "Loss analysis of single-mode fiber splices," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 56, 703-719 (1977).
  10. L. A. Wang and C. D. Su, "Tolerance analysis of aligning an astigmatic laser diode with a single-mode optical fiber," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2757-2762 (1996). [CrossRef]
  11. W. B. Joyce and B. C. DeLoach, "Alignment of Gaussian beams," Appl. Opt. 23, 4187-4196 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. Zhang, S. K. Mondal, Z. Tang, and F. G. Shi, "Fiber-optic angular alignment automation: recent progress," presented at the Technical Program for SMTA Conference on Optoelectronics and the Telecom Revolution, Dallas, Texas, 14-15 November 2001.
  13. Z. Tang, R. Zhang, and F. G. Shi, "Effects of angular misalignments on fiber-optic alignment automation," Opt. Commun. 196, 173-180 (2001).
  14. W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipies in C (Cambridge U. Press, 1992).
  15. E.-G. Neumann, Single Mode Fibers I: Fundamentals, Vol. 57 of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, 1988).
  16. S. Ragona, "PLC alignment and bonding: frequently asked questions," Wave Review 8, (2006), http://www.exfo.com/en/support/WaveReview/December2002/WRarticle5.asp.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited